Tuesday, July 13, 2010

History: Cultural History- Art, Architecture and Music



History: Cultural History- Art, Architecture and Music






Who built the stupa at Sanchi in Madhya Pradesh ?
(a) Kanishka
(b) Chandragupta
(c) Ashoka
(d) Harsha


Answer: Ashoka


The most famous court-poet (in Hindi Literature) of akbar was
(a) Raskhan
(b) Tulsidas
(c) Surdas
(d) Abdur Rahim-Khan-i-Khanan


Answer: Abdur Rahim-Khan-i-Khanan


Who among the following Mughal rulers has been called as the Prince of Builders
(a) Jehangir
(b) Shahjehan
(c) Babar
(d) Akbar


Answer: Shahjehan


The Khajurao shrines built by Chandella rulers are dedicated to
(a) Shiva and Parvati
(b) Vishnu and Brahma
(c) Vishnu and Shiva
(d) Indra and Varun


Answer: Shiva and Parvati


The contents of Allahabad Pillars inscription of Samudragupta were written by
(a) Vishakhadatta
(b) Harisena
(c) Kalidas
(d) Virasen


Answer: Virasen


Sculptures of the Gandhara school reflect the influence of the
(a) Chinese
(b) Persians
(c) Italians
(d) Greeks


Answer: Greeks


An example of Chola architecture can be sent at
(a) Tanjore
(b) Kanchipuram
(c) Ellora
(d) Mahabalipuram


Answer: Tanjore


During the Mughal period of Indian history, the name of Mansur became famous in the field of
(a) Painting
(b) Garden Laying
(c) Music
(d) Architecture


Answer: Painting


Sarnath's Lion Capital is attributed to
(a) Kanishka
(b) Chandragupta
(c) Harshavardhana
(d) Ashoka


Answer: Ashoka


The Darvidian style of architecture can be seen in
(a) Mahabodhi temple at Gaya
(b) Jagannath Temple at Puri
(c) Dharamaraja-ratha at Mamallapuram
(d) Sun Temple at Konark


Answer: Dharamaraja-ratha at Mamallapuram


Which of the following is correct chronological sequence?
(a) Qutub Minar, Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri
(b) Taj Mahal, Fatehpur Sikri, Qutub Minar
(c) Fatehpur Sikri, Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar
(d) Qutub Minar, Fatehpur Sikri, Taj Mahal


Answer: Qutub Minar, Fatehpur Sikri, Taj Mahal


The large Shiva Temple at Thanjavur was built by
(a) Chandellas
(b) Rashtrakutas
(c) Rajaraja Chola
(d) Rajendra Chola


Answer: Rajaraja Chola


Which of the following was built by Akbar ?
(a) Fort of Daulatabad
(b) Fort of Ahmednagar
(c) Red Fort
(d) Agra Fort


Answer: Agra Fort


The Kirti Stambha (Tower of Victory) at Chittor was built by
(a) Bappa Raval
(b) Rana Kumbha
(c) Rana Pratap
(d) Rana Sanga


Answer: Rana Kumbha


The Red Fort of Delhi was built by
(a) Sher Shah
(b) Shahjehan
(c) Akbar
(d) Jehangir


Answer: Shahjehan


Which of the following is not related to Gandhara School of Art ?
(a) Elephanta
(b) Khajuraho
(c) Ellora
(d) Ajanta


Answer: Ajanta


 The monuments at Khajuraho blong to the period of
(a) Gahadavalas
(b) Chandellas
(c) Vakatakas
(d) Rashtrakutas


Answer: Chandellas


In the Gandhar Sculptures, the preaching mudra associated with the Buddha's first sermon at Sarnath is
(a) Bhumisparsa
(b) Dharmachakra
(c) Dhyana
(d) Abhaya


Answer: Dhyana


The Mughal painting reached its zenith during the reign of
(a) Babur
(b) Shahjehan
(c) Jehangir
(d) Akbar


Answer: Akbar


 Which of the following is not correctly matched ?
(a) Nalanda-Monastic establishment
(b) Tanjore-Cave Temple
(c) Konark-Sun Temple
(d) Amravati - Stupa


Answer: Amravati - Stupa


Gandhara School of Art was established in
(a) Eastern India
(b) Southern India
(c) North-Western India
(d) Western India


Answer: North-Western India


 Temples at All the following places are well known for their erotic sculptures except
(a) Konark
(b) Madurai
(c) Khajuraho
(d) Halebid and Belur


Answer: Halebid and Belur


Taxila was a famous site of
(a) Mauryan art
(b) Gupta art
(c) Gandhara art
(d) Early Vedic art


Answer: Gandhara art


 The structure of Qutub Minar was completed by
(a) Iltutmish
(b) Muhammad bin Tughlaq
(c) Aram Shah
(d) Qutbuddin Aibak


Answer: Iltutmish


 In the medieval period, Indian painting reached a high degree of perfection during the reign of
(a) Firoz Tughlaq
(b) Aurangzeb
(c) Sher shah
(d) Jehangir


Answer: Jehangir


Fourteen rock edicts of ashoka have been unearthed at
(a) Girnar
(b) None of these
(c) Sasaram
(d) Kandhar


Answer: Girnar


Which sufi saint's dargah is at Ajmer ?
(a) Hazrat Nizamuddin
(b) Salim Chisti
(c) Muinuddin Chisti
(d) Baba Farid


Answer: Salim Chisti


 Gandhara School of art developed during the time of
(a) Sungas
(b) Kushans
(c) Sakas
(d) Mauryas


Answer: Kushans


 Which of the following is not associated with growth of cave art ?
(a) Karle
(b) Mahabalipuram
(c) Amarnath
(d) Bagh


Answer: Amarnath


The distinctive contribution of the Turkish rulers of India to architecture was the
(a) Use of motifs for decoration
(b) Use of arch and dome
(c) Use of red stone
(d) Building of towers


Answer: Use of arch and dome


Which of the following statements is true of the Gandhara school of art ?
(a) It was a form of Ashokan art
(b) It was Greek in technique and indian in Theme
(c) It was an indigenous school of art
(d) It was an offshoot of greek art


Answer: It was Greek in technique and indian in Theme


Buland Darwaza is situated in
(a) Delhi
(b) Meerut
(c) Lucknow
(d) Fatehpur Sikri


Answer: Fatehpur Sikri


 The images in the temple of ankorvat are those of
(a) Buddha
(b) Combodians Kings
(c) Tirthankaras
(d) Hindu Deities


Answer: Hindu Deities


 Which of the following is not a characteristics of the painting of Mughal period ?
(a) Mythological themes were depicted
(b) Religious scenes were depicted
(c) Court and Cultural scenes were depicted
(d) Scenes of battels were shown


Answer: Religious scenes were depicted


Nishat Garden was built by
(a) Shahjehan
(b) Jehangir
(c) Babar
(d) Sher shah


Answer: Jehangir


Who is considered as Trimurti (Trinity) of Carnatic music ?
(a) Muthuswami Dikshitar
(b) Purandaradasa
(c) Thyagaraja
(d) Swati Thirunal


Answer: Muthuswami Dikshitar


Which of the following is the oldest monuments ?
(a) Qutub Minar
(b) Khajuraho
(c) Taj Mahal
(d) Ajanta


Answer: Ajanta


Which temple got the name of Black Pagoda ?
(a) Sun Temple
(b) Bhuvneshwari Temple
(c) Lingharaja Temple
(d) Jagannath Temple


Answer: Sun Temple


 Who built Char Minar ?
(a) Ali Adil Shah
(b) Ibrahim Adil Shah II
(c) Quli Qutb Shah
(d) Ibrahim Qutb Shah


Answer: Quli Qutb Shah


 Vakatakas belong to the period of
(a) Guptas
(b) Harsha
(c) Mauryas
(d) Kushans


Answer: Quli Qutb Shahz


Which of the following schools of paintings developed independently during the Mughal Period ?
(a) The Rajputs School
(b) The Bijapur School
(c) The Golconda School
(d) The Kangra School


Answer: The Bijapur School


 Development of architecture was as its peak during
(a) Pandhya period
(b) Gupta period
(c) Chola period
(d) Mughal period


Answer: Gupta period


 Who built the famous Dilwara temple at Mount Abu in the 13th century ?
(a) Rajyapala
(b) Mahipala
(c) Tejapala
(d) Mahendrapala


Answer: Tejapala




 The originators of the Dravidian style of architecture and sculpture in south India were
(a) Pallavas
(b) Pandyas
(c) Cholas
(d) Hoysalas


Answer: Pallavas


 To whom was place for Amritsar given by Mughal emperor Akbar ?
(a) Guru harkrishan
(b) Guru Teg Bahadur
(c) Guru Ram Das
(d) Guru Amar Das


Answer: Guru Ram Das


 The Mathura school of art fluorished during the reign of
(a) Kadphises-I
(b) Vaishka
(c) Vasudeva
(d) Kanishka


Answer: Vasudeva


Which of the following is an example of Mauryan art ?
(a) The panel showing Mahakapi Jataka at Bharhut
(b) Bull capital, Rampurva
(c) Image of Nara-Narayana in the temple at Deogarh
(d) Terracotta figures found at Ter


Answer: Bull capital, RampurvaRampurvaRampurva


 Buland Darwaza, built by Akbar, is to commemorate the victory of
(a) Delhi
(b) Gujarat
(c) Orissa
(d) Bengal


Answer: Gujarat


 The mausoleum of Sher Shah is at
(a) Delhi
(b) Lahore
(c) Agra
(d) Sasaram


Answer: Sasaram


The famous monastery at Vikramasila was founded by the
(a) Rashtrakutas
(b) Guptas
(c) Palas
(d) Senas


Answer: Palas


Most of the Ajanta paintings were done during the period of
(a) Kushans
(b) Guptas
(c) Harshavardhana
(d) Mauryas


Answer: Guptas


The Iron Pillar are Mehrauli was built by
(a) Nandas
(b) Khiljis
(c) Gupta
(d) Mauryas


Answer: Gupta


The Gandhara school of art developed during the time of
(a) The Mauryas
(b) The Sungas
(c) The Sakas
(d) The Kushans


Answer: The Kushans


 The construction of the Golden Temple at Amritsar was done under the supervision of
(a) Guru Govind Singh
(b) Guru Ramdass
(c) Guru Nanak
(d) Guru Arjun


Answer: Guru Ramdass


Who among the following Mughal rulers banned music and dancing ?
(a) Aurangzeb
(b) Babar
(c) Humayun
(d) Jehangir


Answer: Aurangzeb


Who among the following was a great musician in the court of Akbar ?
(a) Ramdas
(b) Abul Fazal
(c) Tansen
(d) Amir Khusro


Answer: Tansen


Who among the following are credited to have built the famous Ellora caves ?
(a) Satavahanas
(b) Cheras
(c) Rashtrakutas
(d) Cholas


Answer: Rashtrakutas


Fatehpur Sikri was founded by
(a) Humayun
(b) Jehangir
(c) Akbar
(d) Babar


Answer: Akbar


 The caves and rock-cut temples at Ellora are
(a) Buddhist and Jain
(b) Hindu and Jain
(c) Hindu, Buddhist and Jain
(d) Buddhist


Answer: Hindu, Buddhist and Jain


The cult of Krishna is mainly exhibited through the
(a) Mughal School of Art
(b) Bengal School of Art
(c) Ancient Art
(d) Rajasthani Group


Answer: Rajasthani Group


The famous bronze image of Nataraja is a fine example of
(a) Chola art
(b) Mauryan art
(c) Gandhara art
(d) Gupta art


Answer: Chola art


Fresco paintings of Ajanta caves is the art of
(a) Rastrakutas
(b) Guptas
(c) Mauryas
(d) Kushans


Answer: Guptas


 The statue of Gomateswara at Sravanabelagola was built by
(a) Chandragupta Maurya
(b) Amoghavarsha
(c) Kharavela
(d) Chamundaraya


Answer: Chamundaraya


 Pallava Kings are remembered as the makers of rock-cut temples at
(a) Thanjavur
(b) Khajuraho
(c) Mahabalipuram
(d) Rameshwaram


Answer: Mahabalipuram


In which of the following caves, 28 new caves have been discovered ?
(a) Ajanta caves
(b) None of these
(c) Ellora caves
(d) Elephanta caves


Answer: Elephanta caves


 Jama Masjid in Delhi was built by
(a) Shahjehan
(b) Humayun
(c) Jehangir
(d) Akbar


Answer: Shahjehan


 Who was the Hindu king shown playing on the Veena, on ancient coins ?
(a) Shivaji
(b) Ashoka
(c) Samudragupta
(d) Vikramaditya


Answer: Samudragupta


 An example of the Nagara style of architecture is provided by the
(a) Brihadeeswara Temple, Thanjavur
(b) Kandariya Mahadeva Temple, Khajuraho
(c) Kailasnatha Temple, Kanchipuram
(d) Lingaraja Temple, Bhubaneshwar


Answer: Brihadeeswara Temple, Thanjavur


Which of the following pairs is not correctly matched ?
(a) Satkarni : Kharavela
(b) Mandasor : Yasodharman
(c) Junagarh : Pushyamitra
(d) Allahabad Pillar : Samudragupta


Answer: Junagarh : Pushyamitra


 The celebrated Rummindei pillar of Ashoka marked the site where Gautama Buddha
(a) Died at the age of eighty
(b) Preached his first sermon
(c) Was born in 566 B.C.
(d) Attained into supreme knowledge and insight


Answer: Died at the age of eighty


The Ellora caves in Maharashtra were built by
(a) Palas
(b) Rashtrakutas
(c) Cholas
(d) Pallavas


Answer: Rashtrakutas


 The best specimen of the Mauryan art is represented in
(a) Stupas
(b) Chaityas
(c) Pillars
(d) Cave architecture


Answer: Pillars


Which among the following dynasties were not patrons of temple architecture ?
(a) Chandellas of Bundelkhand
(b) Paramars of Malwa
(c) Yadavas of Devagiri
(d) Chalukyas of Gujarat


Answer: Yadavas of Devagiri


Which of the following Mughal emperors is credited with the composition of Hindi songs ?
(a) Babar
(b) Akbar
(c) Humayun
(d) Jahangir


Answer: Jahangir


Which of the undermentioned facts about Taj is not correct ?
(a) It is situated outside the Agra Fort.
(b) The names of artisans who built it are engraved on it.
(c) It is a magnificent mausoleum.
(d) It was built by Shah Jahan.


Answer: The names of artisans who built it are engraved on it.


Which of the following Mughal emperor's tomb is outside India ?
(a) Akbar
(b) Aurangzeb
(c) Shah Jahan
(d) Jehangir


Answer: Jehangir


Which of the following forts was not built by Akbar ?
(a) Lahore Fort
(b) Agra Fort
(c) Allahabad Fort
(d) Gwalior Fort


Answer: Gwalior Fort


The earliest known Pahari paintings are from
(a) Guler
(b) Chamba
(c) Kangra
(d) Basholi


Answer: Kangra


 The coins of which of the following reveal their love for music ?
(a) Mauryas
(b) Cholas
(c) Chalukyas
(d) Guptas


Answer: Guptas


 The Buddhist sculpture and art is found at
(a) Mahabalipuram
(b) Vijayanagar
(c) Kanchi
(d) Amravati


Answer: Kanchi


Mughal architecture reveals a blending of
(a) Indian and Persian styles
(b) Timurid and Indian styles
(c) Turkish and Persian styles
(d) Turkish and Afghan styles


Answer: Indian and Persian styles


 The most famous musician at the court of Akbar was Tansen. His original name was
(a) Makaranda Pande
(b) Lal Kalwant
(c) Ramatanu Pande
(d) Baz Bahadur


Answer: Ramatanu Pande


The existing specimens of Ashoka's monuments may be grouped under three heads. Which is not one of the categories ?
(a) Stupas
(b) Viharas
(c) Monolithic sandstone pillars
(d) Caves with highly polished walls


Answer: Viharas


Which art did Jahangir mainly patronise ?
(a) Architecture
(b) Music
(c) Paintings
(d) Sculpture


Answer: Paintings


What was the raw material that was generally used in Akbar's time ?
(a) Marble
(b) None of these
(c) Red Stone
(d) Brick


Answer: Red Stone


 Which of the following is an architectural achievement of the Chandellas ?
(a) Sun Temple, Konark
(b) Rock-cut caves at Mahabalipuram
(c) Sun Temple, Modhera
(d) Temples at Khajuraho


Answer: Temples at Khajuraho


 Who built the Tower of Victory (Vijay Stambha) in the Chittor fort ?
(a) Rana Ratan Singh
(b) Rana Khumba
(c) Rana Sanga
(d) Rana Hamir Deva


Answer: Rana Khumba


Which of the following is similar to the Taj Mahal in construction ?
(a) Akbar's tomb
(b) Bibi-ka-maqbara
(c) Jahangir's tomb
(d) Humayun's tomb


Answer: Humayun's tomb


Purana Qila was constructed during the reign of
(a) Jahangir
(b) Sher Shah
(c) Humayun
(d) Akbar


Answer: Sher Shah


The temple of Angkorvat is in
(a) Laos
(b) Vietnam
(c) Myanmar
(d) Gambodia


Answer: Gambodia


 Graeco-Roman influence in Indian art is found at
(a) Gandhara
(b) Bharhut
(c) Bodh Gaya
(d) Sanchi


Answer: Sanchi


The Hathigumpha inscription is found in
(a) Kakatiya (Andhra Pradesh)
(b) Halebid (Karnataka)
(c) Udayagiri (Cuttack)
(d) Nasik (Maharashtra)


Answer: Udayagiri (Cuttack)


The tomb of Babar is at
(a) Lahore
(b) Sikandra
(c) Sasaram
(d) Kabul


Answer: Kabul


The most famous interpolation made by the Brahmins was the addition of Bhagvad Gita to
(a) Mahabharat
(b) Puranas
(c) Vedas
(d) Upanishads


Answer: Mahabharat


Taxila was a famous site of
(a) Mauryan Art
(b) Gupta Art
(c) Gandhara Art
(d) Early Vedic Art


Answer: Gandhara Art


The Vimana style in temple architecture came into vogue during the reign of
(a) Rashtrakutas
(b) Cholas
(c) Mauryas
(d) Guptas


Answer: Cholas


In Mughal paintings, one notices the adoption of the principle of foreshortening whereby near and distant people and things could be placed in perspective. This was due to the influence of
(a) British
(b) Spanish
(c) Dutch
(d) Portuguese


Answer: Portuguese


The two colossal images of the Buddha at Bamiyan are works of
(a) The Gandhara Art
(b) The early Mathura school of Art
(c) The Gupta Art
(d) The Maurya Art


Answer: The Gupta Art


Qutab Minar was built by
(a) Razia Sultan
(b) shahjahan
(c) Qutb-ud-din Aibak
(d) Iltutmish


Answer: Qutb-ud-din Aibak


Bronze coins of Nataraja cast during the Chola period invariably show the deity with
(a) Two hands
(b) Eight hands
(c) Four hands
(d) Six hands


Answer: Six hands


Ajanta paintings are the finest specimens of
(a) Rock engravings
(b) Rajasthani miniature paintings
(c) Persian art
(d) Indian cave paintings


Answer: Rajasthani miniature paintings


The paintings in the Ajanta and Ellora Caves are indicative of development of art under the
(a) Pallavas
(b) Chalukyas
(c) Pandyas
(d) Rashtrakutas


Answer: Rashtrakutas


The buildings constructed by which Mughal ruler represent the climax in the evolution of Mughal arhitecture ?
(a) Aurangzeb
(b) Shahjahan
(c) Akbar
(d) Jehangir


Answer: Shahjahan


Who among the following Gupta rulers was a poet and a musician and was adorned with the title of Kaviraja or King of poets ?
(a) Samudragupta
(b) None of these
(c) Chandragupta I
(d) Skandagupta


Answer: Samudragupta


The new element of Gopuram was encouraged in temples of South India by
(a) Cholas
(b) Chalukyas
(c) Pallavas
(d) Pandyas


Answer: Pandyas


 Which of the following was built by Rashtrakutas ?
(a) Surya temple of Konark
(b) Channakeshava temple of Betur
(c) Siva temple of Ellora
(d) Kailasha temple of Mahabalipuram


Answer: Siva temple of Ellora


Of all the great powers that made the history of South India, none had a more marked effect on the architecture of this region than the earliest of all. This observation refers to
(a) Chalukyas
(b) Cholas
(c) Pallavas
(d) Rashtrakutas


Answer: Pallavas


The earliest extant (still standing) temples date from
(a) The Maurya period
(b) The Sunga period
(c) The Gupta period
(d) The Vedic period


Answer: The Gupta period


Which of the following is not connected with Kushans ?
(a) Ajanta paintings
(b) Fourth Buddhist Council
(c) Gandhara Art
(d) Mathura Art


Answer: Gandhara Art


Ajanta paintings depict scenes from the
(a) Mahabharat
(b) Upanishads
(c) Jatakas
(d) Ramayana


Answer: Jatakas


The stupa at Sanchi and the railings surrounding it, belong to the period of
(a) Kushans
(b) Mauryas
(c) Guptas
(d) Cholas


Answer: Mauryas


The temple built during the medieval period by which of the following dynasties are known as Seven Pagodas?
(a) Pallavas
(b) Hoysalas
(c) Chalukyas
(d) Choias


Answer: Pallavas


The first Mughal building to have been built entirely of marble is
(a) Itmat-ud-Daula's tomb
(b) Taj Mahal
(c) Akbar's mausoleum
(d) Humayun's tomb


Answer: Taj Mahal


 The finest and most eleborate temple of Chola architecture is the
(a) Subrahmanya temple at Thanjaur
(b) Temple at Gangaikonda Cholapuram
(c) Kailashanatha temple at Kanchipuram
(d) Brihadisvara temple at Thanjaur


Answer: Brihadisvara temple at Thanjaur


Biwi Ka Maqbara is the tomb of


(a) Aurangzeb's wife
(b) Mumtaz Mahal
(c) Nurjahan
(d) Humayun's sister


Answer: Aurangzeb's wife


 Akbar built the Panch Mahal, noted for its various types of pillars, at
(a) Delhi
(b) Lahore
(c) Agra
(d) Fatehpur Sikri


Answer: Fatehpur Sikri


Who built the mausoleum of Jahangir and where ?
(a) Shahjahan at Delhi
(b) Nur Jahan at Fatehpur Sikri
(c) Nur Jahan at Lahore
(d) Shahjahan at Agra


Answer: Nur Jahan at Lahore


 The city of Agra was founded by
(a) Ibrahim Lodi
(b) Firuz Tughlaq
(c) Sikandar Lodi
(d) Rana Sanga


Answer: Sikandar Lodi


An overwhelming majority of the images at Ajanta are those of
(a) Vishnu
(b) Durga
(c) Buddha
(d) Siva


Answer: Buddha


 The largest grant of villages to temples and brahmana was given by the ruling dynasty known as
(a) Rashtrakutas
(b) Pratiharas
(c) The Guptas
(d) The Palas


Answer: The Guptas


Which of the following Indian kings excelled in art and music ?
(a) Chandragupta Maurya
(b) Kanishka
(c) Harshavardhana
(d) Samudragupta


Answer: Samudragupta


 Which Sultans added the Alai Darwaza to the Qutab Minar ?
(a) Muhammad bin Tughlaq
(b) Iltutmish
(c) Firoz Tughlaq
(d) Alauddin Khilji


Answer: Alauddin Khilji


The use of Kharoshti in ancient Indian architecture is the result of India's contact with
(a) Central Asia
(b) Greece
(c) China
(d) Iran


Answer: Greece


 The rock-cut caves at Elephanta belong to the period of
(a) Vakatakas
(b) Chalukyas
(c) Rashtrakutas
(d) Satavahanas


Answer: Chalukyas

11 comments:

  1. Interesting blog. This is one of my favorite blog also I want you to update more post like this. Thanks for sharing this article.
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  2. ya its really nice
    thank you sooooo much
    dear frind

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  3. Kushans not concerned with mathura arts....!!
    Kushans concerned with kandhara arts. 16th from the bottom!

    ReplyDelete
  4. I think rahul mathura arts its correct as their capital was mathura itself

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  5. This comment has been removed by the author.

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  6. I think rock cut temple of elephant caves belongs to rashtrakutas.. Last question...

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  7. I think rock cut temple of elephant caves belongs to rashtrakutas.. Last question...

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