Tuesday, July 13, 2010

History: National Movement



History: National Movement 





The British Governor General, who formulated the policy of Subsidiary Alliance with regard to Indian powers was
(a) Lord Wellesley
(b) Lord William Bentick
(c) Warren Hastings
(d) Lord Dalhousie


Answer: Lord Wellesley


Where did Mahatma Gandhi first try the weapon of Satyagraha ?
(a) South Africa
(b) Dandi
(c) Champaran
(d) Bardoli


Answer: South Africa


The first main British Parliament Act regarding East India Company's administration in India was
(a) Rowlatt Act
(b) Pitts India Act
(c) Charter Act of 1913
(d) Regulation Act


Answer: Regulation Act


Who was the first Indian to become the member of British Parliament ?
(a) D.N. Wacha
(b) Dadabhai Naoroji
(c) Badruddin Tyabji
(d) W.C. Banerjee


Answer: Dadabhai Naoroji


Who conceived the idea of Pakistan ?
(a) Mohd. Ali Jinnah
(b) H.S. Suharwardhy
(c) Chlowdhary Rahmat Ali
(d) Asaf Ali


Answer: Chlowdhary Rahmat Ali


Which one of the following is not correctly matched ?
(a) Lord Rippon-Local Self Government
(b) Thomas Munro-Ryotwari System
(c) Holt Mackenzie-Mahalwari Settlement in Northern India
(d) Lord Cornwallis-Subsidiary System


Answer: Lord Cornwallis-Subsidiary System


Gandhiji started Satyagraha movement in 1919 in protest against the
(a) Simon Commission
(b) Colonial exploitation of India
(c) Champaran wrongs
(d) Enactment of Rowlatt Act


Answer: Enactment of Rowlatt Act


Satyagraha Ashram was established by who among the following ?
(a) Lokanayak Jayaprakash Narayan
(b) Acharya Vinoba Bhave
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Acharya Kripalani


Answer: Mahatma Gandhi


Who was the founder of the Muslim League in India ?
(a) Nawab Salimulla
(b) None of these
(c) Sir Syed Ahmad Khan
(d) M.A. Jinnah


Answer: Nawab Salimulla


Who was the Governor General of India when the Indian National Congress was formed ?
(a) Lord Cornwallis
(b) Lord Mountbatten
(c) Lord Lytton
(d) Lord Dufferin


Answer: Lord Dufferin


Regarding the freedom struggle, which of the following events is/are not true ?
(a) Morley-Minto reforms granted Muslim demands in 1909.
(b) Transfer of India's capital from Calcutta to Delhi was announced in 1910.
(c) Muslim League was founded in 1907.
(d) The partition of Bengal was done in 1905


Answer: Muslim League was founded in 1907.


Which was the first newspaper to be published in India ?
(a) Bengal Chronicle
(b) The Hindu
(c) Bengal Gazette
(d) Bombay Samachar


Answer: Bengal Gazette


 Uplift of the backward classes was the main programme of the
(a) Prarythana Samaj
(b) Ramakrishna Mission
(c) Arya Samaj
(d) Satyashodhak Samaj


Answer: Satyashodhak Samaj


Permanent Revenue System of Lord Cornwallis proved oppressive to the tenants because they were
(a) Asked to pay under military pressure
(b) Exploited by the zamindars
(c) Forced to produce more
(d) Asked to pay yearly revenue in advance


Answer: Exploited by the zamindars


Legalisation of widow remarriage in India was first secured by
(a) Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar
(b) Maharishi Karve
(c) Pandit Ramabai
(d) K. Natarajan


Answer: Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar


The Doctrine of Lapse was introduced by
(a) Warren Hastings
(b) Lord Dalhousie
(c) Lord Canning
(d) Lord Wellesley


Answer: Lord Wellesley


 Who among the following analysed the cause of the uprising of 1857 advocating a reconciliation between the British and the Muslims ?
(a) Syed Ahmed Bardvi
(b) Shah Wali-Ullah
(c) Syed Ahmed Khan
(d) Syed Amir Ali


Answer: Syed Ahmed Khan


During the British rule, first partition of Bengal was done in
(a) 1903
(b) 1908
(c) 1905
(d) 1885


Answer: 1905


 The British law which provoked Mahatma Gandhi to crusade for the Asians in South Africa was called
(a) The Apartheid Act
(b) The Asiatic Registration Act
(c) The Blacks Registration Act
(d) The Coloured's Licence Act


Answer: The Asiatic Registration Act


When did the British Parliament pass the Indian Independence Bill ?
(a) 17393
(b) 17349
(c) 17218
(d) 17250


Answer: 17349


 Vallabhbhai Patel was born at
(a) Borsad
(b) Nadiad
(c) Ahmedabad
(d) Baroda


Answer: Nadiad


The founder of Boy Scouts and Civil Guides Movement in India was
(a) Robert Montgomery
(b) Baden Powell
(c) Charles Andrews
(d) Richard Temple


Answer: Baden Powell


The Rowlatt Act led to
(a) Economic reforms in U.P.
(b) Massacre at Amritsar
(c) Communal riots in Bengal
(d) Social legislation in Madras


Answer: Massacre at Amritsar


 In 1917, at Champaran, the government forced farmers to undertake
(a) Opium cultivation
(b) Land ceiling
(c) Indigo cultivation
(d) Hallow cultivation


Answer: Indigo cultivation


The first session of Indian National Congress was held at
(a) Surat
(b) Lahore
(c) Calcutta
(d) Bombay


Answer: Bombay


 Woods Despatch of 1854 resulted in the
(a) Establishment of educational system
(b) Establishment of Indian universities
(c) Introduction of Postal System
(d) Abolition of child marriage


Answer: Establishment of educational system


 The English Weekly edited by Mahatma Gandhi was
(a) Young India
(b) Bombay Chronicle
(c) Kesari
(d) Comrade


Answer: Young India


The first railway started in India under the Governor-Generalship of
(a) Lord Dalhousie
(b) Lord Cornwallis
(c) Lord Canning
(d) Lord Hastings


Answer: Lord Dalhousie


The Act which imparted provincial autonomy is
(a) Government of India Act, 1919
(b) Indian Independence Act, 1947
(c) Government of India Act, 1935
(d) Indian Councils Act, 1909


Answer: Government of India Act, 1935


Indian sepoys in the Bengal army revolted because
(a) The British tried to make them use the greased catridges.
(b) The British passed the General Service Enlistment Act.
(c) The British officers ill-treated them.
(d) The British discontinued the payment of field allowance.


Answer: The British tried to make them use the greased catridges.


From where did Mahatma Gandhi start his historic Dandi March ?
(a) Chauri Chaura
(b) Dandi
(c) Sabarmati Ashram
(d) Champaran


Answer: Sabarmati Ashram


Quit India Movement started after the failure of
(a) Cripps proposal
(b) None of these
(c) Simon recommendation
(d) Cabinet Mission


Answer: Cripps proposal


The practice of Sati was declared illegal by
(a) Lord Ripon
(b) Raja Rammohan Roy
(c) Lord Cornwallis
(d) Lord William Bentick


Answer: Lord William Bentick


Except Jammu and Kashmir and Hyderabad, the integration of Indian states was completed in
(a) 17807
(b) 18598
(c) 18203
(d) 17380


Answer: 18203


Who among the following could not be captured by the British in 1857 ?
(a) Nana Saheb
(b) Tantia Tope
(c) Bahadur Shah II
(d) Mangal Pandey


Answer: Nana Saheb


The Simon Commission was concerned with
(a) Famines
(b) Constitutional reforms
(c) Higher education
(d) Reforms in princely states


Answer: Constitutional reforms


The Vernacular Press Act 1878 was repealed by
(a) Lord Lytton
(b) Lord Ripon
(c) Lord Minto
(d) Lord Curzon


Answer: Lord Ripon


The first national leader to attack the Salt Tax in Indian Legislature was
(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Pherozeshah Mehta
(c) Dadabhai Naoroji
(d) G.K. Gokhale


Answer: G.K. Gokhale


The Indian states that were annexed by invokingthe Doctrine of Lapse included
(a) Mysore, Satara and Bhavnagar
(b) Jhansi, Nagpur and Satara
(c) Jhansi, Nagpur and Travancore
(d) Jhansi, Satara and Mysore


Answer: Jhansi, Nagpur and Satara


 The Congress split into moderates and extremists in the session at
(a) Surat
(b) Lucknow
(c) Ahmedabad
(d) Madras


Answer: Surat






Which of the following was an empire Communist journal of M.N. Roy ?
(a) Kishan Sabha
(b) The Worker
(c) Vanguard
(d) Anushilan


Answer: Vanguard


The Gandhi - Irwin Pact proclaimed the suspension of
(a) Dandi March
(b) None of these
(c) Civil Disobedience Movement
(d) Non Cooperation Movement


Answer: Civil Disobedience Movement


The office of the Secretary of State for India was created by the
(a) Morley - Minto Reforms, 1908
(b) Montague- Chelmsford Reforms
(c) Indian Councils Act, 1861
(d) Government of India Act, 1858


Answer: Government of India Act, 1858


The Indian National Congress adopted the resolution of Poorna Swaraj (complete independence) at its session held at
(a) Calcutta
(b) Allahabad
(c) Karachi
(d) Lahore


Answer: Lahore


After 1853, a very large amount of the British capital was invested in
(a) Coal mining
(b) Tea plantation
(c) Railways
(d) Jute mills


Answer: Railways


The Home Rule Movement in India was started by
(a) S.N. Banerjee and W.C. Banerjee
(b) Annie Besant and Gokhale
(c) Mahatma Gandhi and Motilal Nehru
(d) Annie Besant and Tilak


Answer: Annie Besant and Tilak


The importance of Gandhiji's Non-Cooperation Movement was that
(a) It showed the ability and the willingness of the people in general to endure.
(b) None of these
(c) Non-violence was employed for the first time as an effective weapon of mass movement.
(d) It was a great movement on a large scale.


Answer: Non-violence was employed for the first time as an effective weapon of mass movement.


Who among the following was the leader of the moderates ?
(a) B.G. Tilak
(b) C.F. Andrews
(c) Annie Besant
(d) Gopal Krishna Gokhale


Answer: Gopal Krishna Gokhale


Who among the following started Bhudan Movement ?
(a) Jayaprakash Narayan
(b) Acharya Kripalani
(c) Vinoba Bhave
(d) Mahatma Gandhi


Answer: Vinoba Bhave


Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru was born in the year
(a) 1889
(b) 1914
(c) 1899
(d) 1900


Answer: 1889


Who among the following was a prominent officer of the Azad Hind Fauj ?
(a) Shah Nawaz Khan
(b) Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
(c) Aruna Asaf Ali
(d) DR. M.A. Ansari


Answer: Shah Nawaz Khan


Which of the following revolutionary leaders organised an attack on the armoury of Chittagong ?
(a) Surya Sen
(b) C.R. Das
(c) Jatin Das
(d) Chandrashekhar Azad


Answer: Surya Sen


Luckhnow Pact of 1916 is significant in the history of Indian National Movement because
(a) None of these
(b) It ended separate electorates for Hindus and Muslims.
(c) It decide India's non participating in World War I.
(d) Both the groups of Congress men settled their disputes


Answer: It ended separate electorates for Hindus and Muslims.


What was the chief characteristic of Government of India Act, 1935 ?
(a) Unitary Government at Centre
(b) None of these
(c) Interim Indian Government at Centre
(d) Federal Government at Centre


Answer: Federal Government at Centre


Which of the following statements is not correct ?
(a) Swami Dayanand Saraswati established the Arya Samaj.
(b) Mahatma Gandhi was born in Gandhinagar.
(c) Dr. Annie Besant was a theosophist
(d) The international headquarter of the Theosophical Society is in Madras.


Answer: Mahatma Gandhi was born in Gandhinagar.


The title of Governor - General was changed to that of Viceroy in the year
(a) 1905 A.D.
(b) 1917 A.D.
(c) 1858 A.D.
(d) 1885 A.D.


Answer: 1858 A.D.


What was the name of the periodical published by Mahatma Gandhi during his stay in South Africa ?
(a) Afrikaner
(b) Indian Opinion
(c) India Gazette
(d) Navjivan


Answer: Indian Opinion


Which of the following was written by Raja Rammohan Roy ?
(a) Tuhfatul Muwahiddin
(b) Kiratarjuniya
(c) Mother India
(d) Brahma Samhita


Answer: Tuhfatul Muwahiddin


Whom did Mahatma Gandhi describe as pure as crystal, as brave as a lion and the most perfect man in the political field ?
(a) B.G. Tilak
(b) C.R. Das
(c) Motilal Nehru
(d) G.K. Gokhale


Answer: G.K. Gokhale


Who among the following first propounded the idea of basic education?
(a) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(b) Dayanand Saraswati
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Jawaharlal Nehru


Answer: Mahatma Gandhi


What did Gandhiji do to practise the ideals of truth and non-violence in 1916 ?
(a) He started an all-India Satyagrahs.
(b) He founded Sabarmati Ashram near Ahmedabad
(c) He founded the Gujarat Vidyapeeth.
(d) He joined the Indian National Congress.


Answer: He founded Sabarmati Ashram near Ahmedabad


The Prime Minister of Britain at the time of India's independence was
(a) Ramsay Macdonald
(b) Clement Attlee
(c) Lord Mountbatten
(d) Wintson Churchill


Answer: Clement Attlee


The split between the extremists and the moderates took places in the sessions Indian National Congress held at
(a) Bombay
(b) Surat
(c) Calcutta
(d) Lahore


Answer: Surat


Which of the following statements regarding Quit India Movement is correct ?
(a) The movement paved the way for British seriously considering granting freedom to India.
(b) The Muslims did not participate in the movement.
(c) It was entirely a non-violent movement.
(d) The upper middle class did not show interest in this movement.


Answer: The Muslims did not participate in the movement.


General Dyer who was responsible for Jallianwala Bagh massacre was shot dead by
(a) Udham Singh
(b) Hasrat Mohani
(c) Sohan Singh Bhakna
(d) V.V.S. Iyer


Answer: Udham Singh


The famous song Raghupati Raghav Raja Ram was sung during Dandi march by the renowed musician
(a) Mallikarjun Mansur
(b) Onkar Nath Thakur
(c) Krishna Rao Shankar Pandit
(d) Digambar Vishnu Paluskar


Answer: Digambar Vishnu Paluskar


The greatest evil that arose out of British policies with regard to Indian agriculture, was the
(a) Emergence of the money lenders
(b) None of these
(c) Transformation of the peasant cultivators into tenants at will.
(d) Improverishment of the peasantry


Answer: Improverishment of the peasantry


The Home Rule Movement started by Annie Besant aimed at
(a) Boycotting foreign goods.
(b) Attaining self rule for India
(c) Educating the Indian masses
(d) Agitating against the British monopoly in administration.


Answer: Attaining self rule for India


Before Delhi, where was the capital of India during the British India ?
(a) Lucknow
(b) Patna
(c) Bombay
(d) Calcutta


Answer: Calcutta


In 1930 Mahatma Gandhi started Civil Disobedience Movement from
(a) Sabarmati
(b) Dandi
(c) Wardha
(d) Sevagram


Answer: Sabarmati


Which Governor General abolished the system of dual government established by Robert Clive and established the Company's control over Bengal ?
(a) Warren Hastings
(b) Sir Charles Metacalfe
(c) Lord Wellesley
(d) Lord Cornwallis


Answer: Warren Hastings


Which of the following is not a form of Ganshian Satyagraha ?
(a) Civil Disobedience
(b) Hunger strike
(c) Hijrat
(d) Non - Cooperation


Answer: Hijrat


The immediate cause for precipitation of the Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 was
(a) Disparity in salaries of native sepoys and British soldiers
(b) The rumour of use of catridges greased with cow fat
(c) Spread of Christianity
(d) Doctrine of Lapse


Answer: The rumour of use of catridges greased with cow fat


The Viceroy upon whom a bomb was thrown but he did not change his attitude towards the Indians, was
(a) Lord Chelmsford
(b) Lord Hardinge
(c) Warren Hastings
(d) Lord Curzon


Answer: Lord Hardinge


The capital of India was shifted to Delhi during the reign of
(a) Curzon
(b) Hardinge
(c) Minto
(d) Chelmsford


Answer: Hardinge


Which of the following is correctly matched ?
(a) Pararthana Samaj : Dayanand Saraswati
(b) Brahmo Samaj : Jyotiba Phule
(c) Satya Shodhak Mandal : Keshab Chandra Sen
(d) Sri Narayan Dharma Paripalana Yogam : Narayana Guru


Answer: Sri Narayan Dharma Paripalana Yogam : Narayana Guru


The Separatist system of representation by various religious communities and other groups was a prominent feature of the
(a) Government of India Act, 1919
(b) Indian Independence Act, 1947
(c) Government of India Act, 1935
(d) Indian Council Act, 1861


Answer: Government of India Act, 1935


Lala Lajpat Rai was assulted by the British during
(a) The protest against the Simon Commision
(b) The First war of Indian Independence
(c) The salt Satyagraha
(d) The Civil Disobedience Movement


Answer: The protest against the Simon Commision


The Young India was edited by
(a) Acharya Narendra Dev
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Mahadev Desia


Answer: Mahatma Gandhi


Vande Mataram was first published in
(a) Anand Math
(b) Kesari
(c) Gitanjali
(d) Harijan


Answer: Anand Math


The song Jana-Gana-Mana composed by Rabindranath Tagore, was first published in January 1912 under the title of
(a) None of these
(b) Bharat Vidhata
(c) Rashtra Jagrati
(d) Tatva Bodhini


Answer: Bharat Vidhata

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