Tuesday, July 13, 2010

History: National Movement

History: National Movement 

 The Muslim League demanded a separate nation for the Muslim in India from the year
(a) 1920
(b) 1940
(c) 1945
(d) 1930

Answer: 1940

 The resolution to start the Quit India Movement was adopted by INC at its session held at
(a) Bombay
(b) Karachi
(c) Lahore
(d) Calcutta

Answer: Bombay

 Which school of religion started in 1867, was basically anti-British ?
(a) Deoband
(b) Farazi
(c) Wahabi
(d) Aligarh

Answer: Deoband

 The first Indian Councils Act was passed in
(a) 1857
(b) 1892
(c) 1861
(d) 1853

Answer: 1861

Why were the Indians dissatified with the Simon Commission ?
(a) It recommended that Dyarchy in the provinces should be abolished.
(b) None of these
(c) There was no Indian member in the Commission.
(d) Indians never wanted the review of the working of the Act of 1919.

Answer: There was no Indian member in the Commission.

 By which law did the British Crown take over the power to rule over India from the East India Company ?
(a) Magna Carta of Rights
(b) None of these
(c) Indian Councils Act, 1861
(d) Ilbert Bill

Answer: Magna Carta of Rights

 Who founded the Indian National Social Congress in 1887 ?
(a) B.G. Tilak
(b) M.G. Ranade
(c) G.K. Gokhale
(d) Ram Prasad Bismil

Answer: M.G. Ranade

 Who was responsible for the introduction of English as the official language in India ?
(a) Lord William Bentick
(b) Allan Octavian Hume
(c) Marquess of Dalhousie
(d) Sir Charles Wood

Answer: Sir Charles Wood

Mahatma Gandhi gave the call Do or Die during the
(a) Quit India Movement
(b) Civil Disobedience Movement
(c) Khilafat Movement
(d) Non-cooperation Movement

Answer: Quit India Movement

 According to Mountbatten Plan, which of the following provinces was not to be included in the Indian dominion ?
(a) Bihar
(b) Madras
(c) Bombay
(d) Sind

Answer: Sind

British merchants were willing to invest in railways and mines but not in cotton textiles industry. The reason was
(a) Competition from the Indians
(b) Lack of Technology
(c) None of these
(d) Lack of raw material

Answer: None of these

 Who introduced the system of Civil Services ?
(a) Lord Hardinge
(b) William Bentick
(c) Warren Hastings
(d) Lord Dalhousie

Answer: William Bentick

Who was named as Mira Behn by Mahatma Gandhi ?
(a) Annie Besant
(b) Maria Montessouri
(c) Kamla Devi
(d) Madeline Slade

Answer: Madeline Slade

 Who was known as the Liberator of the Press?
(a) Bentick
(b) Macaulay
(c) Hastings
(d) Metcalfe

Answer: Metcalfe

 Who initiated the introduction of education in English in India?
(a) Lord Dalhousie
(b) Lord Bentick
(c) Lord Curzon
(d) Lord Macaulay

Answer: Lord Macaulay

 Which of the following institutions was not founded by Mahatma Gandhi ?
(a) Phoenix Ashram
(b) Sabarmati Ashram
(c) Sevagram Ashram
(d) Vishwa Bharati

Answer: Vishwa Bharati

Who commented that Cripps Mission was a post-dated cheque on a crashing bank ?
(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
(d) Subhash Chandra Bose

Answer: Mahatma Gandhi

 Which of the following upheavals took place in Bengal immediately after the Revolt of 1857 ?
(a) Pabna Disturbances
(b) Indigo Disturbances
(c) Sanyasi Rebellion
(d) Santal Rebellion

Answer: Indigo Disturbances

 When was the first interim government formed during the British rule in India ?
(a) 17046
(b) 17015
(c) 16650
(d) 16681

Answer: 17046

 The major difference between the moderates and the extremists in the Congress session of 1907 was regarding
(a) Satyagraha
(b) Swaraj
(c) Education
(d) Boycott

Answer: Swaraj

Who after the Constitutional deadlock due to the Quit India Movement, gave the call - Back of Cripps ?
(a) C. Rajagopalachari
(b) Rajendra Prasad
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Jawaharlal Nehru

Answer: C. Rajagopalachari

The Arya Samaj was founded by Swami Dayanand Saraswati in
(a) 1875
(b) 1893
(c) 1874
(d) 1882

Answer: 1875

Cripps Mission aimed at
(a) Giving proportional representation to the Muslims under the framework of the new Constitution
(b) A compromise between Congress demand of united India and Muslim League's demand for a partitioned India.
(c) Giving complete independence to united India.
(d) Widening the gulf between the Congress and the Muslim League

Answer: Giving complete independence to united India.

 Whom did Lord Wavell invite to make proposal for formation of an interim government ?
(a) Maulana Abdul Kalam Azad
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) M.A. Jinnah

Answer: Jawaharlal Nehru

The author of Hind Swaraj was
(a) M.K. Gandhi
(b) Swami Sharddhanand
(c) V.D. Savarkar
(d) B.G. Tilak

Answer: M.K. Gandhi

 Who declared: The only hope for India is from the masses. The upper classes are physically and morally dead?
(a) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(b) Swami Vivekananda
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Gopal Krishna Gokhale

Answer: Swami Vivekananda

Who among the following characterised the Revolt of 1857 as a conspiracy?
(a) G.B. Malleson
(b) Sir John Kaye
(c) T.R. Holmes
(d) Sir Lawrence

Answer: Sir John Kaye

 Which of the following is not a provision of the Charter Act of 1853 ?
(a) Governor General was given the power to veto the bills passed by the Legislative Council.
(b) A provision was made for an open competitive examination for recruitment to Indian Civil Services.
(c) None of these
(d) Under thid Act, a legislative Council for India was created.

Answer: None of these

Lala Lajpat Rai did not write in
(a) English
(b) Urdu
(c) Hindi
(d) Punjabi

Answer: English

One of the most important activities of Mahatma Gandhi was the abolition of untouchability. For this purpose he founded the All India Harijan Sangh in
(a) 1931
(b) 1932
(c) 1928
(d) 1930

Answer: 1932

 Dadabhai Naoroji declared Swarajya as the aim of the INC at the Calcutta session in
(a) 1906
(b) 1905
(c) 1896
(d) 1901

Answer: 1906

 Non-Cooperation Movement was passed in which session of Indian National Congress ?
(a) Kanpur
(b) Nagpur
(c) Bombay
(d) Calcutta

Answer: Calcutta

 King George V visited India during the viceroyalty of
(a) Lorg Curzon
(b) Lord Rippon
(c) Lord Reading
(d) Lord Hardinge

Answer: Lord Hardinge

The first Governor - General of Bengal was
(a) Lord Clive
(b) Lord Wellesley
(c) Warren Hastings
(d) Lord Cornwallis

Answer: Warren Hastings

In whose regime during the British period was Samachar Darpan the first vernacular paper, published?
(a) Marquess of Hastings
(b) Lord Minto
(c) Lord Curzon
(d) Lord William Bentick

Answer: Marquess of Hastings

who among the following was not associated with Home Rule Movement ?
(a) Annie Besant
(b) M.A. Jinnah
(c) Bal Gangadhar Tilak
(d) Bipin Chandra Pal

Answer: M.A. Jinnah

Who said the following of the Indian National Congress:A safety valve for the escape of great and growing forces generated by our own actions was urgently needed?
(a) A.O. Hume
(b) Lord Curzon
(c) Annie Besant
(d) Lord Rippon

Answer: A.O. Hume

The Revolt of 1857 affected Several town in Bihar. Which of the following entries gives the correct sequence of the outbreak of the revolt in different towns of Bihar ?
(a) Jagdishpur, Patna, Rohini, Muzaffarpur
(b) Rohini, Patna, Muzaffarpur, Jagdishpur
(c) Muzaffarpur, Patna, Jagdishpur, Rohini
(d) Patna, Muzaffarpur, Rohini, Jagdishpur

Answer: Rohini, Patna, Muzaffarpur, Jagdishpur

Who among the following was not one of the revolutionaries abroad who added a new dimension to our struggle for freedom ?
(a) Chidambaran Pillai
(b) Raja Mahendra Pratap
(c) Har Dayal
(d) Maulana Barkatullah

Answer: Chidambaran Pillai

Be proud that you are an Indian, proudly claim I am an Indian, every Indian is my brother? who had said these words ?
(a) Vivekananda
(b) Mahatma Gandhi
(c) Jawaharlal Nehru
(d) Lala Rajpat Rai

Answer: Vivekananda

What was the ultimate goal of Gandhi's Salt Satyagraha?
(a) Purna Swaraj for India
(b) Removal of economic hardship to the people
(c) Repeal of Salt Laws
(d) Abolition of Government monopoly on taxation

Answer: Purna Swaraj for India

Shuddhi Movement was started by
(a) Arya Samaj
(b) Brahma Samaj
(c) Theosophical Society
(d) Prarthana Samaj

Answer: Arya Samaj

Who introduced the railways and telegraphs in India ?
(a) Lord Dalhousie
(b) Lord Canning
(c) Lord Hardinage
(d) Lord Ripon

Answer: Lord Dalhousie

The Chauri-Chaura incident (during Non-Cooperation Movement) relates to
(a) Large scale looting of government property by Congress workers.
(b) A major offensive by underground revolutionaries
(c) Massive police firing on unarmed Satyagrahis.
(d) The burning of a police post by a mob.

Answer: The burning of a police post by a mob.

Who advocated the policy of abolishing princely states in free India ?
(a) Mahatma Gandhi
(b) Jawaharlal Nehru
(c) C.Rajagopalachari
(d) Vallabhbhai Patel

Answer: Jawaharlal Nehru

7 . All the three Round Table Conferences were held in
(a) London
(b) Manchester
(c) Calcutta
(d) Bombay

Answer: London

Which of the following Movements was started by the Indian National Congress during the course of the Second World War and formed a part of our freedom struggle ?
(a) Quit India
(b) Swadeshi
(c) Home Rule
(d) Civil Disobedience

Answer: Quit India

Who among the following was the leader of a number of anti-British revolts in Sambalpur ?
(a) Sayyid Ahmad Barelvi
(b) Surendra Sai
(c) Utirat Singh
(d) Kattabomman

Answer: Surendra Sai

The Cripps Mission visited India during the regime of
(a) Lord Wellington
(b) Lord Linlithgow
(c) Lord Wavell
(d) Lord Mountbatten

Answer: Lord Linlithgow

The system of budget was introduced in India during the viceroyalty of
(a) Ripon
(b) Canning
(c) Dalhousie
(d) Elgin

Answer: Canning

The Quit India Movement started at
(a) Lahore on July 7, 1942
(b) Wardha on Aug 7, 1942
(c) Bombay on Aug 8, 1942
(d) Delhi on Aug 15, 1942

Answer: Bombay on Aug 8, 1942

Who was the Governor-General when the Great Mutiny of 1857 broke out ?
(a) Lord Dalhousie
(b) Lord Hardinge
(c) Lord Canning
(d) Lord Ripon

Answer: Lord Canning

Which one of the following was the most immediate factor for the spread of Swadeshi and boycott of foreign goods during the first decade of the present century ?
(a) Curzon's Partition of Bengal
(b) Curzon's plan to curb the growing popularity of the Indian National Congress.
(c) Curzon's design to curtail the sphere of local self government
(d) Curzon's attempt to control the universities

Answer: Curzon's plan to curb the growing popularity of the Indian National Congress.

Indian National Congress split for the first time in its session at
(a) Surat
(b) Calcutta
(c) Allahabad
(d) Lahore

Answer: Surat

The first Indian to be elected to the leadership of Communist International was
(a) Sohan Singh Josh
(b) M.N. Roy
(c) P.C. Joshi
(d) S.A. Dange

Answer: M.N. Roy

According to the Poona Pact signed in 1932,
(a) Hindus and Muslims patched up their differences
(b) None of these
(c) The strategy for elections was made.
(d) A joint electorate for the Scheduled castes with the Hindus was suggested.

Answer: A joint electorate for the Scheduled castes with the Hindus was suggested.

Who among the following was a prominent officer of the Azad Hind Fauj ?
(a) DR. M.A. Ansari
(b) Khan Abdul Ghaffar Khan
(c) Shah Nawaz Khan
(d) Aruna Asaf Ali

Answer: Shah Nawaz Khan

Sharada Act deals with
(a) Intercaste marriage
(b) Polygamy
(c) Child Marriage
(d) Widow remarriage

Answer: Child Marriage

Who among the following was associated with the Home Rule Movement from Madras in 1922 ?
(a) C. Rajagopalachari
(b) T.Prakasham
(c) Mahatma Gandhi
(d) Annie Besant

Answer: T.Prakasham

The first fort which the British constructed in India was
(a) Agra Fort
(b) St. David Fort
(c) St. George Fort
(d) Hoogly Fort

Answer: St. George Fort

Those who joined Mahatma Gandhi during the Champaran struggle included
(a) Rajendra Prasad and Anugraha Narayan Sinha
(b) Mahadev Desai and Maniben Patel
(c) Vallabh bhai Patel and Vinobha Bhave
(d) Jawaharlal Nehru and Rajendra Prasad

Answer: Vallabh bhai Patel and Vinobha Bhave

The Indian National Congress represented the views of the microscopic minority in India. This contention was maintained by
(a) Lord Curzon
(b) Lord Lansdowne
(c) Lord Dufferin
(d) Lord Ripon

Answer: Lord Dufferin

The first Indian university opened in 1857 was in
(a) Banaras
(b) Bombay
(c) Calcutta
(d) Madras

Answer: Calcutta

Between which periods were the three Round Table Confrences held in London ?
(a) 1906-1909
(b) 1914-1942
(c) 1929-1931
(d) 1930-1932

Answer: 1930-1932

The setting up of a Constituent Assembly of India was not acceptable to the Indian National Congress when it was proposed under the
(a) Mountbatten Plan
(b) Cabinet Mission Plan
(c) Cripps Plan
(d) Government of India Act, 1935

Answer: Cripps Plan

The Dual Government introduced by Robert Clive in Bengal was a failure because
(a) He was not a good administrator.
(b) Local people rose against Clive.
(c) Power was divorced from responsibility.
(d) The home government did not encourage it.

Answer: Power was divorced from responsibility.

Who among the following was responsible for the revival of Hinduism in the 19th century ?
(a) Swami Vivekananda
(b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(c) Swami Dayananda
(d) Guru Shankaracharya

Answer: Swami Vivekananda

What is not ahimsa according to Gandhiji ?
(a) It is tolerating the wrong.
(b) It is truth.
(c) It is a positive state of love.
(d) It is doing good even to the evil doer.

Answer: It is tolerating the wrong.

Who amongst the following Englishmen was fellow of Gandhiji in South Africa ?
(a) None of these
(b) Polak
(c) C.F. Andrews
(d) Peterson

Answer: Polak

The Interim Government formed by INC in September 1946 was headed by
(a) Jawaharlal Nehru
(b) C. Rajagopalachari
(c) Dr. Rajendra Prasad
(d) Mahatma Gandhi

Answer: Jawaharlal Nehru

In which of the sessions, Home Rule Leaguers were able at demonstrate their political strength ?
(a) The Lucknow Session of Congress in 1916
(b) The joint session of the ATTUC and NFTL in Nagpur in 1938
(c) The All India Trade Union Congress held in Bombay in 1920
(d) The first A.U.P. Kisan Sabha in 1918

Answer: The Lucknow Session of Congress in 1916

The first Bengali political drama which presented the story of the brutality of English indigo planters was
(a) Neel Darpan
(b) Shome Prakash
(c) Rast Goftar
(d) Indian Social Reformer

Answer: Neel Darpan

Who among the following was responsible for the revival of Hinduism in 19th century ?
(a) Swami Vivekananda
(b) Raja Ram Mohan Roy
(c) Guru Shankaracharya
(d) Swami Dayanand

Answer: Swami Dayanand

The main aim of forming the Indian National Congress in its initial stages was
(a) To reduce the military expenditure
(b) To improve the lot of peasants and indigo cultivators
(c) To secure the right of recruitment of Indians in the higher civil services under British administration
(d) To hold a simultaneous examination in India and England for the ICS

Answer: To secure the right of recruitment of Indians in the higher civil services under British administration

Jallianwala Bagh Massacre took place in the city of
(a) Bombay
(b) Hyderabad
(c) Lahore
(d) Amritsar

Answer: Amritsar

On whose recommendations was the Constituent Assembly formed ?
(a) Cabinet Mission Plan
(b) Govt. of India Act, 1935
(c) Mountbatten Plan
(d) Cripps Mission

Answer: Cabinet Mission Plan

Moderates and extremists of the Indian National Congress differed mainly on the issue of
(a) National education
(b) Swaraj
(c) Swadeshi
(d) Boycott

Answer: Swaraj

Who among the following were popularity known as Red Shirts ?
(a) Khudai Khidmatgars
(b) Mambers of the Azad Hind Fauj
(d) People led by Rani Gaidinliu

Answer: Khudai Khidmatgars

The Indian Independence League was set up by
(a) Jayaprakash Narayan
(b) Aruna Asaf Ali
(c) Rash Behari Bose
(d) S.M. Joshi

Answer: Rash Behari Bose


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