Tuesday, July 13, 2010

History: Marathas and Coming up Europeans



History: Marathas and Coming up Europeans


Which of the following was the main function of the Peshwa under Shivaji's administration ?
(a) He advised the king about foreign affairs.
(b) He was incharge of all public finance and accounts of the kingdom
(c) He was to fix dates for religious ceremonies
(d) He was to look after the general intrest and welfare of the state


Answer; He was to look after the general intrest and welfare of the state


When did Vasco Da Gama come to India ?
(a) 1498
(b) 1542
(c) 1492
(d) 1398


Answer: 1498


The Maratha Chief, Sambhaji, was executed during the reign of
(a) Aurangzeb
(b) Mahabat Khan
(c) Jehangir
(d) Shahjahan


Answer: Aurangzeb


What was the capital of Shivaji's kingdom ?
(a) Raigarh
(b) Karwar
(c) Pune
(d) Purandhar


Answer: Raigarh


Goa was captured by the Portuguese in
(a) 1510 A.D.
(b) 1610 A.D.
(c) 1470 A.D.
(d) 1570 A.D.


Answer: 1510 A.D.


The beginning of the British political sway over India can be traced to the battle of
(a) Panipat
(b) Plassey
(c) Buxar
(d) Wandiwash


Answer: Plassey


Who was the ruler of an Indian state who allied himself with the French ?
(a) Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah
(b) Saadat Khan
(c) Alivardi Khan
(d) Tipu Sultan


Answer: Tipu Sultan


The final defeat of the Maratha confederacy came during the time of
(a) Wellesley
(b) Cornwallis
(c) Minto
(d) Hastings


Answer: Hastings


The Finance Minister under Shivaji was
(a) Mantri
(b) Samanta
(c) Pandit Rao
(d) Amatya


Answer: Amatya


The Maratha power reached the zenith of its glory during the reign of
(a) Shivaji
(b) Baji Rao II
(c) Balaji Vishwanath
(d) Balaji Baji Rao


Answer: Balaji Baji Rao


Who among the following rulers belonged to the Holkar dynasty ?
(a) Ahalyabai
(b) Shivaji
(c) Tukoji
(d) Prithviraj


Answer: Tukoji


When the East India Company came into existence, England was ruled by the
(a) Stuarts
(b) Normans
(c) Tudors
(d) Hanovarians


Answer: Stuarts


The Dutch first established their hold in India in 1605 at
(a) Gujrat
(b) Surat
(c) Masulipatnam
(d) Goa


Answer: Masulipatnam


The first Europeans to come to India were
(a) Dutch
(b) French
(c) Portuguese
(d) British


Answer: Portuguese


Who laid the foundation of Portuguese power in India ?
(a) None of these
(b) Affonso De Albuquerque
(c) Vasco da Gama
(d) Bartholomew Dias


Answer: Affonso De Albuquerque


The tax collected by Marathas was known as
(a) Chauth
(b) Pilgrim Tax
(c) Jazia
(d) Sardeshmukhi


Answer: Chauth


Which of the following statements about Hyder Ali is incorrect ?
(a) He was defeated at porto Novo in 1781
(b) He made a coalition with Nizam and Maratha against the English in the Second Anglo Mysore war.
(c) He was a man of great determination
(d) He was a great scholar


Answer: He was a great scholar


Which of the following is not true about Hyder Ali ?
(a) He was a tactful general
(b) He was an able administrator
(c) He was a profound scholar
(d) Mysore under him was a cause of anxiety for British


Answer: He was a profound scholar


Bombay was taken by the English East India Company from
(a) Charles I
(b) The Dutch
(c) Charles II
(d) The Portuguese


Answer: Charles II


The immediate successors of Shivaji's descandents who came to power in the Maratha Kingdom, were in
(a) Bhonsles
(b) Gaekwards
(c) Holkars
(d) Peshwas


Answer: Peshwas


Tipu Sultan was defeated in Third Mysore War in 1790 by
(a) Lord Cornwallis
(b) Sir John Macpherson
(c) John Shore
(d) Warren Hastingts


Answer: Lord Cornwallis


Who among the following is known for his introduction of a new calendar, a new system of coinage and new scales of weight and measures ?
(a) Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah
(b) Saadat Khan Burhan-ul-Mulk
(c) Tipu Sultan
(d) Murshid Quli Khan


Answer: Tipu Sultan


The Maratha Kingdom was founded by Shivaji during the reign of
(a) Shahjehan
(b) Aurangzeb
(c) Muhammad bin Tughlaq
(d) Akbar


Answer: Aurangzeb


The Maratha power reached its zenith during the Peshwaship of
(a) Narayan Rao
(b) Madhav Rao I
(c) Bajirao I
(d) Balaji II


Answer: Balaji II


Which was not one of the regions in which the English first set up trading posts ?
(a) Coromandel Coast
(b) Goa
(c) Bengal
(d) Gujrat


Answer: Goa


Who succeeded Mir Jafar ?
(a) Haider Ali
(b) Tipu Sultan
(c) Chanda Sahib
(d) Mir Kasim


Answer: Mir Kasim


Who among the following Maratha Generals restored Maratha control over the imperial Mughal government in Delhi in 1784 ?
(a) Visaji Krishna
(b) Mahadji Sindhia
(c) Tukoji Holkar
(d) Raghunath Rao


Answer: Mahadji Sindhia


In 1757, Siraj-ud-Daula was defeated by
(a) Cornwallis
(b) Clive
(c) Canning
(d) Hastings


Answer: Clive


The Peshwa become the official head of Maratha administration in the year
(a) 1748A.D
(b) 1742 A.D
(c) 1730 A.D
(d) 1736 A.D


Answer: 1748A.D


Albuquerque captured Goa from the ruler of
(a) Vijaynagar
(b) Bijapur
(c) Golconda
(d) Ahmednagar


Answer: Bijapur


Which of the following Peshwa preached the ideal of Hindu- Padpadshahi ?
(a) Baji Rao I
(b) Madhav Rao II
(c) Balaji Vishwanath
(d) Baji Rao II


Answer: Baji Rao I


Who amongst the British Generals defeated Peshwa Baji Rao II ?
(a) Outram
(b) Kitchener
(c) Elphinstone
(d) Malcolm


Answer: Malcolm


Which Indian King requested Napolean for help to drive the British from India ?
(a) Rani of Jahnsi
(b) Shivaji
(c) Jai Singh
(d) Tipu Sultan


Answer: Tipu Sultan


Which body guard of Shivaji accompained him during his famous escape bid from Afzal Khan ?
(a) Dev Nath
(b) Shambhuji Kavji
(c) Gopi Nath
(d) Sonaji Pant


Answer: Shambhuji Kavji








Who succeded Siraj-ud-Daula as Nawab of Bengal after the Battle of Plassey ?
(a) Aliwardi Khan
(b) Shuja-ud-daulah
(c) Mir Kasim
(d) Mir Jafar


Answer: Mir Jafar


Tipu Sultan Ruled from
(a) Mysore
(b) Belur
(c) Halebid
(d) Srirangapatnam


Answer: Srirangapatnam


Goa was first colonised by
(a) Portuguese
(b) English
(c) French
(d) Dutch


Answer: Portuguese


The East India Company received the zamindary of the 24 parganas from
(a) Mir Jafar
(b) Chanda Sahib
(c) Mir Qasim
(d) Siraj-ud-Daulah


Answer: Chanda Sahib


Which one of the following is not correctly paired ?
(a) Gaekwad-Baroda
(b) Scindhia-Gwalior
(c) Bhonsle-Indore
(d) Peshwa-Poona


Answer: Bhonsle-Indore


Tranquebar on the Tamil Nadu coast was a colonial outpost of the
(a) Portuguese
(b) Danish
(c) Dutch
(d) French


Answer: French


Which of the following countries did not attempt to establish trading centres at India ?
(a) Portuguguese
(b) England
(c) France
(d) Italy


Answer: Italy




In 1498, Vasco da Gama landed at
(a) Bombay
(b) Goa
(c) Cochin
(d) Calicut


Answer: Calicut


Which of the following pairs is correctly matched ?
(a) Battle of Buxar - Mir Jafar vs Clive
(b) Battle of Kharda - Nizam vs East India Company
(c) Battle of Chilianwala - Dalhousie vs Marathas
(d) Battle of Wandiwash - French vs East India Company


Answer: Battle of Wandiwash - French vs East India Company


Shivaji was crowned as an independent king at
(a) Poona
(b) Singhagarh
(c) Surat
(d) Raigarh


Answer: Raigarh


Shivaji was known as a nation-builder and a graet administrator. Yet, who among the following could not understand it and played into the hands of Farrukhsiyar ?
(a) Baji Rao II
(b) Parashram Srinivas
(c) Sambhaji
(d) Shahu


Answer: Shahu




Which of the following rulers died while playing Changan?
(a) Sher Shah
(b) Jalal-ud-din-Khilji
(c) Qutab-ud-din Aibak
(d) Balban


Answer: Qutab-ud-din Aibak


The ancient name of the city of Patna is
(a) Kausambi
(b) Kapilavastu
(c) Kanauj
(d) Pataliputra


Answer: Pataliputra


Who was the ruler of medieval India who is credited with the construction of Grand Trunk Road ?
(a) Babur
(b) Krishnadeva Raya
(c) Jehangir
(d) Sher Shah Suri


Answer: Sher Shah Suri


Which of the following were the contemporaries of Kanishka ?
(a) Kambar, Banabhatt, Asvaghosha
(b) Asvagosha and Kambar
(c) Asvagosha, Kalidas, Nagarjuna
(d) Nagarjuna, Asvaghosha, Vasumitra


Answer: Nagarjuna, Asvaghosha, Vasumitra


Rudradaman was one of the greatest
(a) Maurya rulers
(b) Pallavas rulers
(c) Saka rulers
(d) Kushan rulers


Answer: Pallavas rulers


In whose rule was Islam as the state religion abolished ?
(a) Balban
(b) Ghias-ud-din Tughlaq
(c) Ibrahim Lodi
(d) Akbar


Answer: Akbar


Bernier visited India during the reign of
(a) Jahangir
(b) Shahjahan
(c) Aurangzeb
(d) Akbar


Answer: Aurangzeb


Which is not the name of Kautilya ?
(a) Chanakya
(b) Dramidacharya
(c) Vishnugupta
(d) Devaputra


Answer: Devaputra


Gradual decline of towns was an important feature of the
(a) Gupta period
(b) Rashtrakuta Khilji
(c) Satavahana age
(d) Pratihara age


Answer: Gupta period


Who is regarded as the greatest law giver of ancient India ?
(a) Manu
(b) Patanjali
(c) Kautilya
(d) Panini


Answer: Manu


Which Muslim emperor was attracted by the beauty of Queen Padmini ?
(a) Humayun
(b) Akbar
(c) Alauddin Khilji
(d) Babar


Answer: Alauddin Khilji


Saranjami system was an important feature of
(a) None of these
(b) Maratha revenue system
(c) Taluqdari system
(d) Administration of the Qutub Shahis


Answer: Maratha revenue system


Which of the following is wrongly matched ?
(a) Chandragupta - Kautilya
(b) Harshavardhana - Chaitanya
(c) Vikramaditya - Chaitanya
(d) Akbar - Todar Mal


Answer: Vikramaditya - Chaitanya


The Kalachuri era counted from A.D. 248 was mostly current in
(a) Kashmir
(b) Bengal
(c) Central India
(d) Andhra


Answer: Andhra


The Hijra era is counted from
(a) 1526 A.D.
(b) 622 A.D.
(c) 632 A.D.
(d) 712 A.D.


Answer: 622 A.D.


The ancient name of Bengal was
(a) Vatsa
(b) Kamarupa
(c) Gauda
(d) Matsya


Answer: Gauda


The capital of the ancient Vrijian state was
(a) Ujjain
(b) Vaishali
(c) Pataliputra
(d) Ayodhya


Answer: Vaishali


Who among the following is most famous for building a large number of canals for irrigation ?
(a) Akbar
(b) Shahjahan
(c) Firuz Shah Tughlaq
(d) Muhammad bin Tughlaq


Answer: Firuz Shah Tughlaq


Akbar founded his own religion known as Din-i-Ilahi which means
(a) Divine Faith
(b) None of these
(c) House of Worship
(d) Universal peace


Answer: Divine Faith


The first Indian ruler to organise Haj pilgrimage at the expense of the state was
(a) Aurangzeb
(b) Akbar
(c) Alauddin Khilji
(d) Feroz Tughlaq


Answer: Akbar


Who was the first Sultan of Delhi to introduce the practice of Sijda?
(a) Balban
(b) Muhammad Tughlaq
(c) Firoz Tughlaq
(d) Alauddin Khilji


Answer: Balban


Gujarat was traditionally known as
(a) Telangana
(b) Saurashtra
(c) Konkan
(d) Rann of Kutch


Answer: Saurashtra


Pushyabhuti dynasty ruled over
(a) Thaneshwar
(b) Sakal
(c) Pataliputra
(d) Ujjain


Answer: Thaneshwar


Who amongst the following lost his kingdom in Hindustan but retrieved it after about 15 years in exile ?
(a) Ala-ud-din Khilji
(b) Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq
(c) Humayun
(d) Firuz Shah Tughlaq


Answer: Humayun


Who was the first ruler to annex any part of the Deccan to the Mughal empire ?
(a) Jahangir
(b) Aurangzeb
(c) Humayun
(d) Akbar


Answer: Akbar


Charaka was the court physician of
(a) Ashoka
(b) Harshavardhana
(c) Kanishka
(d) Chandragupta Maurya


Answer: Kanishka


The chief centre of Indo - Roman trade was
(a) Arikamedu
(b) Muziris
(c) Alexander
(d) Madurai


Answer: Alexander


The first metallic coin used in India, (first by Indo-Greeks) was in
(a) Bihar and eastern U.P.
(b) Western India
(c) Central India
(d) South India


Answer: Bihar and eastern U.P.


Sanchi is famous for
(a) Cave paintings
(b) The rock edicts of Ashoka
(c) The largest Buddhist Stupa
(d) Rock- cut temples


Answer: The largest Buddhist Stupa


Before ascending the Maurya throne, Ashoka served as a Viceroy of
(a) Taxila
(b) Kaushambi
(c) Pataliputra
(d) Tosali


Answer: Taxila


The Nagara, the Dravida and the Vesara are
(a) The three main linguistic divisions of India
(b) The three main racial groups of Indian subcontinent
(c) The three main styles of Indian temple architecture
(d) The three main musical gharanas as prevalent in India.


Answer: The three main styles of Indian temple architecture


Ahmad Shah built the capital city of Ahmedabad on the site of the old town of
(a) Idar
(b) Sidhpur
(c) Asawal
(d) Sabarmati


Answer: Asawal


Who was the founder of the Nanda dynasty ?
(a) Ashoka Nanda
(b) None of these
(c) Mahapadma Nanda
(d) Dhana Nanda


Answer: Mahapadma Nanda


Which of the later Guptas assumed the imperial title of Maharajadhiraja and performed the horse sacrifice to show his strenght ?
(a) Kumaragupta III
(b) Kamarupa
(c) Adityasena
(d) Mahasena Gupta


Answer: Adityasena


Lingayat movement owes its origin to
(a) Purandharadasa
(b) Vidyaranya
(c) Appar
(d) Basava


Answer: Basava


After the decline of the Guptas, a large part of North India was reunited by
(a) Harshavardhana
(b) Chalukyas
(c) Rajputs
(d) Saka Satraps


Answer: Chalukyas


During the reign of which of the following emperors was the artillery most perfect and numerous ?
(a) Jahangir
(b) Shahjahan
(c) Akbar
(d) Aurangzeb


Answer: Aurangzeb


Chachnama is a famous work on the history of
(a) Kashmir
(b) Sind
(c) Gujarat
(d) Punjab


Answer: Sind


The Mahajanapada which gained prominence to become an empire was
(a) Kasi
(b) Magadha
(c) Kosala
(d) Avanti


Answer: Magadha


Which of the later Gupta rulers was a contemporary and ally of Harshavardhana ?
(a) Mahasena Gupta
(b) Kamarupa
(c) Madhava Gupta
(d) Damodar Gupta


Answer: Mahasena Gupta


The word Hindu as referrence to the people of Hind (India) was first used by
(a) The Arabs
(b) The Romans
(c) The Chinese
(d) The Greeks


Answer: The Greeks


Which of the following renders a proof of trade with Rome in old times ?
(a) Harappa
(b) Ropar
(c) Mohenjodaro
(d) Lothal


Answer: Lothal


The coin rupia was first issued by
(a) Akbar
(b) Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq
(c) Sher Shah
(d) Ala-ud-din Khilji


Answer: Akbar


Among the following , whose empire was the largest ?
(a) Aurangzeb
(b) Jehangir
(c) Babar
(d) Akbar


Answer: Aurangzeb


Which of the following varieties of land available during the Mughal times did not yield any land revenue to the state ?
(a) Raiyvati lands
(b) Sayurghal lands
(c) Jagir Lands
(d) Khalisa (Crown) lands


Answer: Sayurghal lands

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