Tuesday, July 13, 2010

History: Marathas and Coming up Europeans

History: Marathas and Coming up Europeans

Which of the following was the main function of the Peshwa under Shivaji's administration ?
(a) He advised the king about foreign affairs.
(b) He was incharge of all public finance and accounts of the kingdom
(c) He was to fix dates for religious ceremonies
(d) He was to look after the general intrest and welfare of the state

Answer; He was to look after the general intrest and welfare of the state

When did Vasco Da Gama come to India ?
(a) 1498
(b) 1542
(c) 1492
(d) 1398

Answer: 1498

The Maratha Chief, Sambhaji, was executed during the reign of
(a) Aurangzeb
(b) Mahabat Khan
(c) Jehangir
(d) Shahjahan

Answer: Aurangzeb

What was the capital of Shivaji's kingdom ?
(a) Raigarh
(b) Karwar
(c) Pune
(d) Purandhar

Answer: Raigarh

Goa was captured by the Portuguese in
(a) 1510 A.D.
(b) 1610 A.D.
(c) 1470 A.D.
(d) 1570 A.D.

Answer: 1510 A.D.

The beginning of the British political sway over India can be traced to the battle of
(a) Panipat
(b) Plassey
(c) Buxar
(d) Wandiwash

Answer: Plassey

Who was the ruler of an Indian state who allied himself with the French ?
(a) Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah
(b) Saadat Khan
(c) Alivardi Khan
(d) Tipu Sultan

Answer: Tipu Sultan

The final defeat of the Maratha confederacy came during the time of
(a) Wellesley
(b) Cornwallis
(c) Minto
(d) Hastings

Answer: Hastings

The Finance Minister under Shivaji was
(a) Mantri
(b) Samanta
(c) Pandit Rao
(d) Amatya

Answer: Amatya

The Maratha power reached the zenith of its glory during the reign of
(a) Shivaji
(b) Baji Rao II
(c) Balaji Vishwanath
(d) Balaji Baji Rao

Answer: Balaji Baji Rao

Who among the following rulers belonged to the Holkar dynasty ?
(a) Ahalyabai
(b) Shivaji
(c) Tukoji
(d) Prithviraj

Answer: Tukoji

When the East India Company came into existence, England was ruled by the
(a) Stuarts
(b) Normans
(c) Tudors
(d) Hanovarians

Answer: Stuarts

The Dutch first established their hold in India in 1605 at
(a) Gujrat
(b) Surat
(c) Masulipatnam
(d) Goa

Answer: Masulipatnam

The first Europeans to come to India were
(a) Dutch
(b) French
(c) Portuguese
(d) British

Answer: Portuguese

Who laid the foundation of Portuguese power in India ?
(a) None of these
(b) Affonso De Albuquerque
(c) Vasco da Gama
(d) Bartholomew Dias

Answer: Affonso De Albuquerque

The tax collected by Marathas was known as
(a) Chauth
(b) Pilgrim Tax
(c) Jazia
(d) Sardeshmukhi

Answer: Chauth

Which of the following statements about Hyder Ali is incorrect ?
(a) He was defeated at porto Novo in 1781
(b) He made a coalition with Nizam and Maratha against the English in the Second Anglo Mysore war.
(c) He was a man of great determination
(d) He was a great scholar

Answer: He was a great scholar

Which of the following is not true about Hyder Ali ?
(a) He was a tactful general
(b) He was an able administrator
(c) He was a profound scholar
(d) Mysore under him was a cause of anxiety for British

Answer: He was a profound scholar

Bombay was taken by the English East India Company from
(a) Charles I
(b) The Dutch
(c) Charles II
(d) The Portuguese

Answer: Charles II

The immediate successors of Shivaji's descandents who came to power in the Maratha Kingdom, were in
(a) Bhonsles
(b) Gaekwards
(c) Holkars
(d) Peshwas

Answer: Peshwas

Tipu Sultan was defeated in Third Mysore War in 1790 by
(a) Lord Cornwallis
(b) Sir John Macpherson
(c) John Shore
(d) Warren Hastingts

Answer: Lord Cornwallis

Who among the following is known for his introduction of a new calendar, a new system of coinage and new scales of weight and measures ?
(a) Nizam-ul-Mulk Asaf Jah
(b) Saadat Khan Burhan-ul-Mulk
(c) Tipu Sultan
(d) Murshid Quli Khan

Answer: Tipu Sultan

The Maratha Kingdom was founded by Shivaji during the reign of
(a) Shahjehan
(b) Aurangzeb
(c) Muhammad bin Tughlaq
(d) Akbar

Answer: Aurangzeb

The Maratha power reached its zenith during the Peshwaship of
(a) Narayan Rao
(b) Madhav Rao I
(c) Bajirao I
(d) Balaji II

Answer: Balaji II

Which was not one of the regions in which the English first set up trading posts ?
(a) Coromandel Coast
(b) Goa
(c) Bengal
(d) Gujrat

Answer: Goa

Who succeeded Mir Jafar ?
(a) Haider Ali
(b) Tipu Sultan
(c) Chanda Sahib
(d) Mir Kasim

Answer: Mir Kasim

Who among the following Maratha Generals restored Maratha control over the imperial Mughal government in Delhi in 1784 ?
(a) Visaji Krishna
(b) Mahadji Sindhia
(c) Tukoji Holkar
(d) Raghunath Rao

Answer: Mahadji Sindhia

In 1757, Siraj-ud-Daula was defeated by
(a) Cornwallis
(b) Clive
(c) Canning
(d) Hastings

Answer: Clive

The Peshwa become the official head of Maratha administration in the year
(a) 1748A.D
(b) 1742 A.D
(c) 1730 A.D
(d) 1736 A.D

Answer: 1748A.D

Albuquerque captured Goa from the ruler of
(a) Vijaynagar
(b) Bijapur
(c) Golconda
(d) Ahmednagar

Answer: Bijapur

Which of the following Peshwa preached the ideal of Hindu- Padpadshahi ?
(a) Baji Rao I
(b) Madhav Rao II
(c) Balaji Vishwanath
(d) Baji Rao II

Answer: Baji Rao I

Who amongst the British Generals defeated Peshwa Baji Rao II ?
(a) Outram
(b) Kitchener
(c) Elphinstone
(d) Malcolm

Answer: Malcolm

Which Indian King requested Napolean for help to drive the British from India ?
(a) Rani of Jahnsi
(b) Shivaji
(c) Jai Singh
(d) Tipu Sultan

Answer: Tipu Sultan

Which body guard of Shivaji accompained him during his famous escape bid from Afzal Khan ?
(a) Dev Nath
(b) Shambhuji Kavji
(c) Gopi Nath
(d) Sonaji Pant

Answer: Shambhuji Kavji

Who succeded Siraj-ud-Daula as Nawab of Bengal after the Battle of Plassey ?
(a) Aliwardi Khan
(b) Shuja-ud-daulah
(c) Mir Kasim
(d) Mir Jafar

Answer: Mir Jafar

Tipu Sultan Ruled from
(a) Mysore
(b) Belur
(c) Halebid
(d) Srirangapatnam

Answer: Srirangapatnam

Goa was first colonised by
(a) Portuguese
(b) English
(c) French
(d) Dutch

Answer: Portuguese

The East India Company received the zamindary of the 24 parganas from
(a) Mir Jafar
(b) Chanda Sahib
(c) Mir Qasim
(d) Siraj-ud-Daulah

Answer: Chanda Sahib

Which one of the following is not correctly paired ?
(a) Gaekwad-Baroda
(b) Scindhia-Gwalior
(c) Bhonsle-Indore
(d) Peshwa-Poona

Answer: Bhonsle-Indore

Tranquebar on the Tamil Nadu coast was a colonial outpost of the
(a) Portuguese
(b) Danish
(c) Dutch
(d) French

Answer: French

Which of the following countries did not attempt to establish trading centres at India ?
(a) Portuguguese
(b) England
(c) France
(d) Italy

Answer: Italy

In 1498, Vasco da Gama landed at
(a) Bombay
(b) Goa
(c) Cochin
(d) Calicut

Answer: Calicut

Which of the following pairs is correctly matched ?
(a) Battle of Buxar - Mir Jafar vs Clive
(b) Battle of Kharda - Nizam vs East India Company
(c) Battle of Chilianwala - Dalhousie vs Marathas
(d) Battle of Wandiwash - French vs East India Company

Answer: Battle of Wandiwash - French vs East India Company

Shivaji was crowned as an independent king at
(a) Poona
(b) Singhagarh
(c) Surat
(d) Raigarh

Answer: Raigarh

Shivaji was known as a nation-builder and a graet administrator. Yet, who among the following could not understand it and played into the hands of Farrukhsiyar ?
(a) Baji Rao II
(b) Parashram Srinivas
(c) Sambhaji
(d) Shahu

Answer: Shahu

Which of the following rulers died while playing Changan?
(a) Sher Shah
(b) Jalal-ud-din-Khilji
(c) Qutab-ud-din Aibak
(d) Balban

Answer: Qutab-ud-din Aibak

The ancient name of the city of Patna is
(a) Kausambi
(b) Kapilavastu
(c) Kanauj
(d) Pataliputra

Answer: Pataliputra

Who was the ruler of medieval India who is credited with the construction of Grand Trunk Road ?
(a) Babur
(b) Krishnadeva Raya
(c) Jehangir
(d) Sher Shah Suri

Answer: Sher Shah Suri

Which of the following were the contemporaries of Kanishka ?
(a) Kambar, Banabhatt, Asvaghosha
(b) Asvagosha and Kambar
(c) Asvagosha, Kalidas, Nagarjuna
(d) Nagarjuna, Asvaghosha, Vasumitra

Answer: Nagarjuna, Asvaghosha, Vasumitra

Rudradaman was one of the greatest
(a) Maurya rulers
(b) Pallavas rulers
(c) Saka rulers
(d) Kushan rulers

Answer: Pallavas rulers

In whose rule was Islam as the state religion abolished ?
(a) Balban
(b) Ghias-ud-din Tughlaq
(c) Ibrahim Lodi
(d) Akbar

Answer: Akbar

Bernier visited India during the reign of
(a) Jahangir
(b) Shahjahan
(c) Aurangzeb
(d) Akbar

Answer: Aurangzeb

Which is not the name of Kautilya ?
(a) Chanakya
(b) Dramidacharya
(c) Vishnugupta
(d) Devaputra

Answer: Devaputra

Gradual decline of towns was an important feature of the
(a) Gupta period
(b) Rashtrakuta Khilji
(c) Satavahana age
(d) Pratihara age

Answer: Gupta period

Who is regarded as the greatest law giver of ancient India ?
(a) Manu
(b) Patanjali
(c) Kautilya
(d) Panini

Answer: Manu

Which Muslim emperor was attracted by the beauty of Queen Padmini ?
(a) Humayun
(b) Akbar
(c) Alauddin Khilji
(d) Babar

Answer: Alauddin Khilji

Saranjami system was an important feature of
(a) None of these
(b) Maratha revenue system
(c) Taluqdari system
(d) Administration of the Qutub Shahis

Answer: Maratha revenue system

Which of the following is wrongly matched ?
(a) Chandragupta - Kautilya
(b) Harshavardhana - Chaitanya
(c) Vikramaditya - Chaitanya
(d) Akbar - Todar Mal

Answer: Vikramaditya - Chaitanya

The Kalachuri era counted from A.D. 248 was mostly current in
(a) Kashmir
(b) Bengal
(c) Central India
(d) Andhra

Answer: Andhra

The Hijra era is counted from
(a) 1526 A.D.
(b) 622 A.D.
(c) 632 A.D.
(d) 712 A.D.

Answer: 622 A.D.

The ancient name of Bengal was
(a) Vatsa
(b) Kamarupa
(c) Gauda
(d) Matsya

Answer: Gauda

The capital of the ancient Vrijian state was
(a) Ujjain
(b) Vaishali
(c) Pataliputra
(d) Ayodhya

Answer: Vaishali

Who among the following is most famous for building a large number of canals for irrigation ?
(a) Akbar
(b) Shahjahan
(c) Firuz Shah Tughlaq
(d) Muhammad bin Tughlaq

Answer: Firuz Shah Tughlaq

Akbar founded his own religion known as Din-i-Ilahi which means
(a) Divine Faith
(b) None of these
(c) House of Worship
(d) Universal peace

Answer: Divine Faith

The first Indian ruler to organise Haj pilgrimage at the expense of the state was
(a) Aurangzeb
(b) Akbar
(c) Alauddin Khilji
(d) Feroz Tughlaq

Answer: Akbar

Who was the first Sultan of Delhi to introduce the practice of Sijda?
(a) Balban
(b) Muhammad Tughlaq
(c) Firoz Tughlaq
(d) Alauddin Khilji

Answer: Balban

Gujarat was traditionally known as
(a) Telangana
(b) Saurashtra
(c) Konkan
(d) Rann of Kutch

Answer: Saurashtra

Pushyabhuti dynasty ruled over
(a) Thaneshwar
(b) Sakal
(c) Pataliputra
(d) Ujjain

Answer: Thaneshwar

Who amongst the following lost his kingdom in Hindustan but retrieved it after about 15 years in exile ?
(a) Ala-ud-din Khilji
(b) Ghiyas-ud-din Tughlaq
(c) Humayun
(d) Firuz Shah Tughlaq

Answer: Humayun

Who was the first ruler to annex any part of the Deccan to the Mughal empire ?
(a) Jahangir
(b) Aurangzeb
(c) Humayun
(d) Akbar

Answer: Akbar

Charaka was the court physician of
(a) Ashoka
(b) Harshavardhana
(c) Kanishka
(d) Chandragupta Maurya

Answer: Kanishka

The chief centre of Indo - Roman trade was
(a) Arikamedu
(b) Muziris
(c) Alexander
(d) Madurai

Answer: Alexander

The first metallic coin used in India, (first by Indo-Greeks) was in
(a) Bihar and eastern U.P.
(b) Western India
(c) Central India
(d) South India

Answer: Bihar and eastern U.P.

Sanchi is famous for
(a) Cave paintings
(b) The rock edicts of Ashoka
(c) The largest Buddhist Stupa
(d) Rock- cut temples

Answer: The largest Buddhist Stupa

Before ascending the Maurya throne, Ashoka served as a Viceroy of
(a) Taxila
(b) Kaushambi
(c) Pataliputra
(d) Tosali

Answer: Taxila

The Nagara, the Dravida and the Vesara are
(a) The three main linguistic divisions of India
(b) The three main racial groups of Indian subcontinent
(c) The three main styles of Indian temple architecture
(d) The three main musical gharanas as prevalent in India.

Answer: The three main styles of Indian temple architecture

Ahmad Shah built the capital city of Ahmedabad on the site of the old town of
(a) Idar
(b) Sidhpur
(c) Asawal
(d) Sabarmati

Answer: Asawal

Who was the founder of the Nanda dynasty ?
(a) Ashoka Nanda
(b) None of these
(c) Mahapadma Nanda
(d) Dhana Nanda

Answer: Mahapadma Nanda

Which of the later Guptas assumed the imperial title of Maharajadhiraja and performed the horse sacrifice to show his strenght ?
(a) Kumaragupta III
(b) Kamarupa
(c) Adityasena
(d) Mahasena Gupta

Answer: Adityasena

Lingayat movement owes its origin to
(a) Purandharadasa
(b) Vidyaranya
(c) Appar
(d) Basava

Answer: Basava

After the decline of the Guptas, a large part of North India was reunited by
(a) Harshavardhana
(b) Chalukyas
(c) Rajputs
(d) Saka Satraps

Answer: Chalukyas

During the reign of which of the following emperors was the artillery most perfect and numerous ?
(a) Jahangir
(b) Shahjahan
(c) Akbar
(d) Aurangzeb

Answer: Aurangzeb

Chachnama is a famous work on the history of
(a) Kashmir
(b) Sind
(c) Gujarat
(d) Punjab

Answer: Sind

The Mahajanapada which gained prominence to become an empire was
(a) Kasi
(b) Magadha
(c) Kosala
(d) Avanti

Answer: Magadha

Which of the later Gupta rulers was a contemporary and ally of Harshavardhana ?
(a) Mahasena Gupta
(b) Kamarupa
(c) Madhava Gupta
(d) Damodar Gupta

Answer: Mahasena Gupta

The word Hindu as referrence to the people of Hind (India) was first used by
(a) The Arabs
(b) The Romans
(c) The Chinese
(d) The Greeks

Answer: The Greeks

Which of the following renders a proof of trade with Rome in old times ?
(a) Harappa
(b) Ropar
(c) Mohenjodaro
(d) Lothal

Answer: Lothal

The coin rupia was first issued by
(a) Akbar
(b) Muhammad-bin-Tughlaq
(c) Sher Shah
(d) Ala-ud-din Khilji

Answer: Akbar

Among the following , whose empire was the largest ?
(a) Aurangzeb
(b) Jehangir
(c) Babar
(d) Akbar

Answer: Aurangzeb

Which of the following varieties of land available during the Mughal times did not yield any land revenue to the state ?
(a) Raiyvati lands
(b) Sayurghal lands
(c) Jagir Lands
(d) Khalisa (Crown) lands

Answer: Sayurghal lands