Tuesday, July 13, 2010

History: Religion and Philosophy





History: Religion and Philosophy


The first discourse of Buddha at Deer Park in Sarnath is called
(a) Mahabhiniskraman
(b) Mahamastabhisheka
(c) Mahaparinirvana
(d) Dharmachakrapravartan


Answer: Dharmachakrapravartan


Who, according to Jains, was the founder of Jainism ?
(a) Parsavanatha
(b) Arishtanemi
(c) Rishabha
(d) Mahavira


Answer: Parsavanatha


Which one of the following is a doctrine said to have been added by Mahavira to the four other doctrines propounded by previous teachers ?
(a) Observe brahmacharya
(b) Do not acquire property
(c) Do not commit violence
(d) Do not speak a lie


Answer: Observe brahmacharya


In India, Jainism spread during the reign of
(a) Harshavardhana
(b) Chandragupta Vikramaditya
(c) Samudragupta
(d) Chandragupta Maurya


Answer: Chandragupta Maurya


Who delivered his first sermon at Sarnath ?
(a) None of these
(b) Buddha
(c) Mahavira
(d) Shankaracharya


Answer: Buddha


Right belief, Right knowledge and Right action are the three jewels of
(a) Buddhists
(b) Kabir Panthis
(c) Jains
(d) Shaivites


Answer: Jains


Buddhism and Jainism both gave stress on
(a) Worship of God
(b) None of these
(c) Self-mortification
(d) Non-violence


Answer: Non-violence


In which of the following languages were the original Buddhist religious texts written ?
(a) Sanskrit
(b) Magadhi
(c) Pali
(d) Brahmi


Answer: Pali


Lord Buddha was born in
(a) Bodh Gaya
(b) Pataliputra
(c) Lumbini
(d) Vaishali


Answer: Lumbini


A well-known patron of the Mahayana form of Buddhism was
(a) Kanishka
(b) Ashoka
(c) Ajatashatru
(d) Bimbisara


Answer: Kanishka


Which of the following statements about Buddha and Mahavira is not correct ?
(a) Both advocated a simple, puritan and austere life.
(b) They were Kshatriyas by birth.
(c) Both had the same attitude towards the concept of Varnas.
(d) They were born in the same century.


Answer: Both had the same attitude towards the concept of Varnas.


The representation of Buddha as a human figure appeared for the first time in the sculptures found at
(a) Mathura
(b) Bodh Gaya
(c) Sanchi
(d) Bharhut


Answer: Mathura


With which religion is Kaivalya associated ?
(a) Buddhism
(b) Sikhism
(c) Hinduism
(d) Jainism


Answer: Jainism


The famous ruler of ancient India who, towards the end of his life, is said to have converted to Jainism was
(a) Samudragupta
(b) Ashoka
(c) Bindusara
(d) Chandragupta Maurya


Answer: Chandragupta Maurya


The district line of demarcation between Digambaras and Shvetambaras is about
(a) Existence of god
(b) Wearing of dress
(c) Doctrine
(d) Sacred texts


Answer: Wearing of dress


Gautama Buddha was brought up by
(a) Sangamitra
(b) Mahaprajapati
(c) Mayadevi
(d) Kundavi


Answer: Mahaprajapati


The first Buddhist Council was held in the reign of
(a) Bimbisara
(b) Kanishka
(c) Ashoka
(d) Ajatashatru


Answer: Ajatashatru


Who was the greatest Buddhist commentator of the Bhuddhist canonical literature ?
(a) Vasumitra
(b) Nagarjuna
(c) Ashvaghosha
(d) Buddhaghosha


Answer: Ashvaghosha


The extreme form of Ahimsa or non-violence is practiced in
(a) Buddhism
(b) None of these
(c) Hinduism
(d) Jainism


Answer: Buddhism


The phrase The Light of Asia is applied to
(a) Buddha
(b) Mahavira
(c) Alexander
(d) Chandragupta Maurya


Answer: Buddha


The Great Buddhist Council in 483 B.C. was held at
(a) Kashmir
(b) Rajagriha
(c) Ujjain
(d) Pataliputra


Answer: Rajagriha


Which of the following Buddhist texts lays down the regulations for management of Sangha and rule of conduct for the monks ?
(a) Adhibhamma-pitaka
(b) None of these
(c) Vinaya-Pitaka
(d) Sutta-Pitaka


Answer: Vinaya-Pitaka


Which of the following was not common to Jainsim and Buddhism?
(a) Both regarded rigid penance and austerity essential for salvation.
(b) Both were antagonistic to the practice of animal sacrifices.
(c) Both were started by members of Kshatriya caste.
(d) Both denied the authority of the Vedas.


Answer: Both regarded rigid penance and austerity essential for salvation.


Ambapali whose name occurs in the early Buddhist literature was
(a) None of these
(b) The author of the work Buddhacharita
(c) A num from Vaishali
(d) A courtesan of Pataliputra


Answer: None of these


Jainism had the patronage of
(a) Pushyamitra Sunga
(b) Samudragupta
(c) Kanishka
(d) Kharavela


Answer: Kharavela


Apabhramsa is a work of the
(a) Jains
(b) Ajivikas
(c) Budddhists
(d) Brahmins


Answer: Jains


gave women an important place in their cult.
(a) Kalmukhas
(b) Ajivikas
(c) Jains
(d) Buddhists


Answer: Kalmukhas


Ashoka was much influenced by a Buddhist monk called
(a) Ambhi
(b) Upagupta
(c) Vasubandhu
(d) Asvaghosha


Answer: Upagupta


Jainism was divided into two sects known as
(a) Ajivika and Nyaya Vaisesika
(b) Svetambara and Digambara
(c) Kapalika and Kalamukha
(d) Mahayana and Hinayana


Answer: Svetambara and Digambara


Which one of the following is the most fundamental difference between Mahayana Buddhism and Hinayana Buddhism ?
(a) Casteless Society
(b) Worship of Stupa
(c) Worship of gods and goddesses
(d) Emphasis on ahima


Answer: Worship of gods and goddesses


Buddha was born in the year
(a) 576 B.C.
(b) 534 B.C.
(c) 567 B.C.
(d) 581 B.C.


Answer: 567 B.C.


Which of the following beliefs doesnt belong to Mahavira's Triratna ?
(a) Right conduct
(b) Right recollection
(c) Right Faith
(d) Right knowledge


Answer: Right recollection


Which of the following religions got spread in different parts of Asia ?
(a) None of these
(b) Buddhism
(c) Jainism
(d) Hinduism


Answer: Buddhism


Atman is everything and everything is Atman is the ??.doctrine.
(a) Buddhist
(b) Zoroastrain
(c) Jain
(d) Pantheistic


Answer: Pantheistic


Which of the following is known as the Jain Temple City ?
(a) Girnar
(b) Allahabad
(c) Rajagriha
(d) Varanasi


Answer: Girnar


The Fourth Buddhist Council was held at
(a) Rajagriha
(b) Kundalavana
(c) Vaishali
(d) Patliputra


Answer: Kundalavana


Which of the following features is not associated with Buddhism and Jainism ?
(a) Emphasis on rituals and sacrifices
(b) Rejection of the authority of Vedas
(c) Rejection of the caste system
(d) Atheism


Answer: Rejection of the authority of Vedas


The introduction of Buddhism into China is traditionally attributed to
(a) Nagarjuna
(b) None of these
(c) Samprati
(d) Kashyapa Mantanga


Answer: Kashyapa Mantanga


Tripitakas are the sacred books of
(a) Shaivism
(b) Buddhism
(c) Jainism
(d) Hinduism


Answer: Buddhism


The last of the 24 Jain Trithankaras was
(a) Parsva Nath
(b) Arishtanemi
(c) Rishabha
(d) Mahavira


Answer: Mahavira


The First Buddhist Council met at
(a) Rajagriha
(b) Kanauj
(c) Kashmir
(d) Pataliputra


Answer: Rajagriha


Both Vardhaman Mahavira and Gautama Buddha preached their doctrines during the reign of
(a) Ajatashatru
(b) Harshavardhana
(c) Udayi
(d) Bimbisara


Answer: Bimbisara


The Fouth Buddhist Council was held by
(a) Ashoka
(b) Harashvardhana
(c) Chandragupta
(d) Kanishka


Answer: Kanishka


Nirvana is associated with
(a) Jainism
(b) Sikhism
(c) Buddhism
(d) Hinduism


Answer: Buddhism


Who amongst the following was not sent to Sri Lanka for the propagation of Buddhism ?
(a) Bhadrasara
(b) Sona
(c) Rashtriya
(d) Uttriya


Answer: Sona


The famous Indo Greek king who embraced Buddhism was
(a) Menander
(b) Alexander
(c) Strato I
(d) Democritus


Answer: Menander


Buddhism became a world wide religion with the efforts of
(a) Kanishka
(b) Harsha
(c) Ashoka
(d) Bindusara


Answer: Ashoka


Buddha attained Nirvana at?..
(a) Sarnath
(b) Kushinagar
(c) Bodh Gaya
(d) Sanchi


Answer: Kushinagar


Which of the following rulers did not embrace Buddhism ?
(a) Kanishka
(b) Samudragupta
(c) Ashoka
(d) Harsha


Answer: Samudragupta


Which of the following is not a feature of Hinduism?
(a) Belief in God
(b) Emphasis on ritualism
(c) Doctrine of ahimsa
(d) Reverence for Veda


Answer: Doctrine of ahimsa


Mahavira was born at
(a) Sravasti
(b) Rajagriha
(c) Vaisali
(d) Pataliputra


Answer: Vaisali


Buddha's preachings were mainly in regard to
(a) Idol worship
(b) Practice of rituals
(c) Belief in one God
(d) Purity of thought and conduct


Answer: Purity of thought and conduct


Who among the following rulers held a religious assembly at Prayag every five years ?
(a) Ashoka
(b) Chandragupta Vikramaditya
(c) Kanishka
(d) Harshavardhana


Answer: Harshavardhana


During the time of Harshavardhana, a great Buddhist assembly was held at
(a) Nalanda
(b) Purushapura
(c) Pataliputra
(d) Prayag


Answer: Nalanda


The crux of early Buddhism was
(a) Rigorous penance
(b) Idol worship
(c) Belief in fatalism
(d) Renunciation of desire


Answer: Renunciation of desire


The spread of Jainism in Karnataka is attributed to
(a) Ashoka
(b) Narasimavarma Pallava
(c) Kanishka
(d) Chandragupta Maurya


Answer: Chandragupta Maurya


The gifts bestowed upon the Ajivikas by Ashoka are recorded in the inscription at
(a) Sanchi
(b) Sarnath
(c) Barbara
(d) Bhabru


Answer: Barbara


Buddha has been described as an ocean of wisdom and compassion in
(a) The Light of Asia
(b) Amarakosa
(c) Jataka tales
(d) Buddhacharita


Answer: Amarakosa


Mark the correct sequence of places with regard to Buddha.
(a) Kapilavastu, Bodh Gaya, Sarnath, Kushinagar
(b) Kapilavastu, Sarnath,Bodh Gaya, Kushinagar
(c) Sarnath, Kushinagar, Bodh Gaya, Kapilavastu
(d) Bodh Gaya, Kapilavastu, Sarnath, Kushinagar


Answer: Kapilavastu, Bodh Gaya, Sarnath, Kushinagar


Which one of the following places was famous as a seat of Mahayana learning ?
(a) Taxila
(b) Sarnath
(c) Varanasi
(d) Nalanda


Answer: Nalanda


Who was the first king to have the image of Lord Buddha inscribed on his coins ?
(a) Kanishka
(b) Harshavardhana
(c) Ashoka
(d) Dharmpala


Answer: Kanishka


Idol worship in India can be traced to the period of
(a) Kushans
(b) Pre-Aryan
(c) Vedas
(d) Mauryans


Answer: Pre-Aryan


Which of the following statements regarding Buddha and Mahavira is wrong ?
(a) Both were born in the same century.
(b) Both believed in simple and neat living.
(c) Both were Kshatriyas.
(d) Both had same views about varnas.


Answer: Both had same views about varnas.


During the period of Sangas there was a revival of
(a) Zoroastrainism
(b) Brahminism
(c) Buddhism
(d) Jainism


Answer: Brahminism


Which of the following is said to be the oldest Jain scripture ?
(a) Twelve Upangas
(b) Fourteen Uparvas
(c) Fourteen Purvas
(d) Twelve Angas


Answer: Twelve Angas


In his teaching, the Buddha attacked
(a) Vedic rituals
(b) The concept of God
(c) The varna system
(d) Ascetism


Answer: The varna system


Buddhist historian Taranath belonged to
(a) Tibet
(b) Japan
(c) China
(d) Mongolia


Answer: Tibet


Relics of Buddha are preserved in a
(a) Vihara
(b) Monastery
(c) Chaitya
(d) Stupa


Answer: Stupa


Buddhism became the state religion during the reign of
(a) Ashoka
(b) Kumaragupta-I
(c) Chandragupta Maurya
(d) Samudragupta


Answer: Ashoka


The proceeding of the Fourth Buddhist Councilled to the issue of ? Edict.
(a) Kalinga
(b) Bhabra
(c) Sarnath
(d) Sanchi


Answer: Sarnath


Buddha died during the reign of
(a) Udayi
(b) None of these
(c) Bimbisara
(d) Ajatashatru


Answer: Ajatashatru


Which of the following is not true of the Digambaras ?
(a) They led a life of extreme ausrerity
(b) They wore white clothes
(c) They were orthodox followers of Mahavira.
(d) They kept long fasts.


Answer: They wore white clothes


The original teachings of Mahavira are contained in which of the following texts ?
(a) Purvas
(b) Jatakas
(c) Angas
(d) Tripitakas


Answer: Purvas


Who among the following is referred to as Sandhu From The West ?
(a) None of these
(b) St. Thomas
(c) St. Bartholomew
(d) Thomas of Canaan


Answer: St. Thomas


Which of the following was not include in the Eight Fold Path prescribed by Buddha ?
(a) Right knowledge
(b) Right mediatation
(c) Right Belief
(d) Right Speech


Answer: Right knowledge


The meaning of Buddha is
(a) Soul after death
(b) The ultimate Path for moksha
(c) The Enlightened one
(d) Anything beyond God


Answer: The Enlightened one


The Fourth Buddhist Council compiled an encyclopaedia of Buddhist philosophy called
(a) None of these
(b) Mahavibhasha Sutra
(c) Sutralankara
(d) Madhyamika Sutra


Answer: Mahavibhasha Sutra


Which of the following is the correct chronological order of Buddhist Councils ?
(a) Vaishali, Kashmir, Rajagriha, Pataliputra
(b) Pataliputra, Vaishali, Kashmir, Rajagriha
(c) Kashmir, Vaishali, Pataliputra, Rajagriha
(d) Rajagriha, Vaishali, Pataliputra, Kashmir


Answer: Rajagriha, Vaishali, Pataliputra, Kashmir


Who among the following is said to have been born and to have passed away on the Vaishakha Purnima day ?
(a) Chaitanya
(b) Buddha
(c) Mahavira
(d) Shankaracharya


Answer: Buddha


Ashoka convened the Third Buddhist Council at
(a) Kushinagar
(b) Pataliputra
(c) Kapilavastu
(d) Rajagriha


Answer: Pataliputra


Which period is referred to as the period of Hindu revival or renaissance ?
(a) Gupta period
(b) Period of Harsha
(c) Mauryan period
(d) Kushan period


Answer: Gupta period


In which of the following fields of activity did Buddhism make the maximum contribution ?
(a) Architecture
(b) Rituals
(c) Art and literature
(d) Music


Answer: Art and literature


In Buddhist teaching, nirvana meant
(a) Extinction of craving of the desire for existence in all its forms
(b) None of these
(c) Freedom from cycle of birth and death
(d) Observance of brahmacharya


Answer: Extinction of craving of the desire for existence in all its forms


The introduction of Buddhism into China is traditionally attributed to
(a) Nagarjuna
(b) None of these
(c) Samprati
(d) Kashyapa Matanga


Answer; Kashyapa Matanga


In which of the following countries was Buddhism first propagated outside India ?
(a) Sri Lanka
(b) China
(c) Combodia
(d) Thailand


Answer: Sri Lanka


In which of the following edicts/inscriptions does Ashoka express his faith in the Buddhist creed ?
(a) Schism Edict
(b) Kandahar Inscription
(c) Rummindei Inscription
(d) Bhabru Edict


Answer: Bhabru Edict


Who converted Kanishka to Buddhism ?
(a) Nagarjuna
(b) Parsva
(c) Asvaghosa
(d) Vasumitra


Answer: Asvaghosa


The first Council of Jainism to compile the canon was held at
(a) Rajagriha
(b) Pataliputra
(c) Valabhi
(d) Mithila


Answer: Pataliputra


The Jains did not repudiate
(a) Infallibility of the Vedas
(b) Animal sacrifice
(c) Practice of penance
(d) Concept of supreme power as the creator and sustainer of universe


Answer: Concept of supreme power as the creator and sustainer of universe


Who among the following accepted Jainism ?
(a) Bindusara
(b) Pulakesin
(c) Ajatashatru
(d) Chandragupta Maurya


Answer: Chandragupta Maurya


Buddhism split up into the Hinayana and Mahayana sects at the Buddhist Council held during the reign of
(a) Kanishka
(b) Chandragupta Maurya
(c) Ashoka
(d) Harsha


Answer: Ashoka


The cardinal point of Buddhism was
(a) Doctrine of ahimsa
(b) Eight fold Path
(c) Theory of Karma
(d) Attainment of nirvana


Answer: Doctrine of ahimsa

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