Tuesday, July 13, 2010

History: Religious Movement

History: Religious Movement

Which of the following was a saint of the Bhakti movement in Bengal ?
(a) Tulsidas
(b) Vivekananda
(c) Chaitanya
(d) Kabir

Answer: Chaitanya

 Shankaracharya, during Vikramaditya's period, was a very famous personality. Which of the following statements is not true of Shankaracharya ?
(a) He countered the spread of Buddhism and Jainism
(b) He established four religious centres in different parts of India.
(c) He defined Vedanta.
(d) He propounded Vishistadvaitya?

Answer: He countered the spread of Buddhism and Jainism

Who among the following was not an exponent of Bhakti movement ?
(a) Nanak
(b) Shankaracharya
(c) Ramanada
(d) Kabir

Answer: Shankaracharya

Sri Perumbudur, a temple town in south, is the birthplace of
(a) Adi Shankaracharya
(b) Madhavacharya
(c) Vidyaranya
(d) Ramanuja

Answer: Ramanuja

The pioneer in preaching Nirguna Bhakti in medieval India was
(a) Vallabhacharya
(b) Sri Chaitanya
(c) Ramananda
(d) Namadeva

Answer: Ramananda

Who amongst the following Acharyas is regarded as having combated the absolute monoism of Sankara in the 12th century ?
(a) Udyotaka
(b) None of these
(c) Ramanuja
(d) Hemachandra

Answer: Ramanuja

Who amongst the following was an exponent of Virashaiva ?
(a) None of these
(b) Basavaraja
(c) Shankaracharya
(d) Ramanuja

Answer: Basavaraja

Which of the following does not belong to Nirgun cult ?
(a) Kabir
(b) Ravidas
(c) Nanak
(d) Meera

Answer: Meera

The saint from Gujarat, who preached non-sectarianism in medieval times was
(a) Ramanand
(b) Dadu
(c) Raghunandan
(d) Tukaram

Answer: Dadu

The Bhakti literature by the Nayanmars and Alvars
(a) Opposed the practice of image worship.
(b) Advocate the austerities preached by the Buddhist and Jains
(c) Preached personal devotion of God as a means of salvation.
(d) Stressed the rigidities of traditional rituals.

Answer: Preached personal devotion of God as a means of salvation.

The philosophy of Vishishtadvaita was preached by
(a) Ramanuja
(b) Shankaracharya
(c) Kapila
(d) Madhwa

Answer: Ramanuja

Who amongst the following was a blind poet who worshipped Krishna and spread Krishna Bhakti cult ?
(a) Kabir
(b) Raskhan
(c) Bihari
(d) Surdas

Answer: Ramanuja

The earliest seeds of the Bhakti movement in India are found in
(a) Jain philosophy
(b) Sufi philosophy
(c) The Vedas
(d) Buddhist philosophy

Answer: Sufi philosophy

Who established 4 math in the four corners of India ?
(a) Ramanujacharya
(b) Madhvacharya
(c) Shankaracharya
(d) Bhaskacharya

Answer: Shankaracharya

Banis were the hymns and poems composed by
(a) Guru Nanak
(b) Dadu
(c) Kabir
(d) Raskhan

Answer: Dadu

 Sufi sect developed in the religion
(a) Hinduism
(b) Jainism
(c) Sikhism
(d) Islam

Answer: Islam

Ramanuja preached
(a) Dvaita
(b) Gnana marga
(c) Ahimsa
(d) Bhakti

Answer: Bhakti

Who among the following was the founder of Vaishnava school ?
(a) Shankaracharya
(b) Ramanuja
(c) Kabir
(d) Ramakrishna Paramhansa

Answer: Bhakti

What was the term used by the Sufis for the successor nominated by the teacher of a particular order or silsilah ?
(a) Wali
(b) Murid
(c) Khanqah
(d) Pir

Answer: Wali

 In which region of India was the Suharawadi order of Sufism popular ?
(a) Around Ajmer
(b) Punjab and Sind
(c) Delhi and Bihar
(d) Delhi and Doab region

Answer: Punjab and Sind

In which region of India was the Firdausi order of Sufism popular ?
(a) Bihar and eastern U.P.
(b) Deccan
(c) Sind
(d) In and around Delhi

Answer: Bihar and eastern U.P.

The most famous and the earliest biographer of Chaitanya, who wrote Chaitanya Charitamrita, was
(a) Madhavacharya
(b) Krishnadas Kaviraj
(c) Sunderdas
(d) Kritivasa

Answer: Kritivasa

The sage who is said to have Aryanised South India was
(a) Vasishtha
(b) Yagyavalkya
(c) Vishwamitra
(d) Agastya

Answer: Agastya

Kabir was the disciple of
(a) Ramananda
(b) Vallabhacharya
(c) Chaitanya
(d) Shankaracharya

Answer: Ramananda

The System of philosophy with which the name of Kapila is prominently associated is
(a) Samkhya
(b) Purva Mimamsa
(c) Uttara Mimamsa
(d) Nyaya

Answer: Samkhya

To which Sufi did the famous saint of Bihar, Makhdum Sharfuddin Maneri belong ?
(a) Kubrawi
(b) Suhrawardi
(c) Firdausi
(d) Chisti

Answer: Firdausi

Live well, as long as you live. Live well even by borrowing, for once cremated, there is no return This rejection of after - life is an aphorism of the
(a) Sunyavada of Nagarjuna
(b) Charvakas
(c) Ajivikas
(d) Kapalika Sect

Answer: Sunyavada of NagarjunaNagarjuna

In the systems of philosophy created by Indians, we find elements of materialistic philosophy in which of the following systems ?
(a) Yoga
(b) Vaisesika
(c) Samkhya
(d) Karm Mimamsa

Answer: Samkhya

Sudhavaita is the philosophy of
(a) Ramanuja
(b) Chaitanya
(c) Vallabha
(d) Kabir

Answer: Vallabha

Of the following , who visited the court of Krishnadeva Raya ?
(a) Ramananda
(b) Ramanuja
(c) Kabir
(d) Vallabha

Answer: Vallabha

Let no man ask a man's sect or caste whose dictum was this ?
(a) Ramanuja
(b) Chaitanya
(c) Ramananda
(d) Kabir

Answer: Ramananda

During his pilgrimage, Chaitanya received enlightenment at
(a) Rameswaram
(b) Allahabad
(c) Gaya
(d) Kanchipuram

Answer: Gaya

Devotion to Lord Krishna was preached by
(a) Madhva
(b) Ramananda
(c) Vallabha
(d) Kabir

Answer: Vallabha

The Bhakti Movement was first organised by
(a) Ramanuja
(b) Nanak
(c) Kabir
(d) Ramananda

Answer: Ramanuja

The author of Sri Bhashya is
(a) Vallabha
(b) Ramanuja
(c) Kabir
(d) Sankara

Answer: Ramanuja

 In him within whose heart is truth doth God Himself abide, said
(a) Kabir
(b) Vallabha
(c) Chaitanya
(d) Madhya

Answer: Kabir

Swami Vivekananda was well known in the religious Conference held at
(a) London
(b) Berlin
(c) Chicago
(d) Paris

Answer: Chicago

 Who were the most popular Sufis ?
(a) Hallaj
(b) None of these
(c) Ghazali
(d) Rabin

Answer: Rabin

 The birthplace of Swami Vivekananda is in which of the following cities ?
(a) Balasore
(b) Kushinagar
(c) Calcutta
(d) Cuttack

Answer: Calcutta

 Which of the following Bhakti saints used the medium of dance and songs (Kirtans) to make one feel the personal presence of God near him ?
(a) Chaitanya Mahaprabhu
(b) Jnanadeva
(c) Shankaradeva
(d) Chandidasa

Answer; Chaitanya Mahaprabhu

Who said, Ram and Rahim are the two different name of the Same God?
(a) Ramdas
(b) Ramanuja
(c) Chaitanya
(d) Kabir

Answer: Kabir

Ajivika sect was founded by
(a) Upali
(b) Anand
(c) Makkhli Gosala
(d) Raghulabhadra

Answer: Makkhli Gosala


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